MTS are freshwater aquatic snails of the genus Melanoides. They cannot change sex, either. Malaysian Trumpet Snails are avid consumers of debris, especially debris that has fallen on the gravel surface. As MTS are not a predatory species, MTS do not pose a threat to most potential tank mates. Like rabbit snails, they have conical, spiral shells that come in beige, brown, and even grey colors often marked with patterns. The Malaysian trumpet snail reproduces asexually, and is similar to live-bearing fish, in that it gestates eggs internally in a brood pouch, and then produces tiny, perfectly formed baby snails. Thus, the general format and writing style of this piece will deviate slightly from AquariumKids's normal care sheet style. Malaysian Trumpet Snail (Melanoides tuberculata). Relative water hardness for Malaysian Trumpet Snails should be between 6-12dH. Although MTS do climb the tank walls, my personal experience shows that MTS are less inclined to completely climb out of their enclosures compared to other species such as nerite snails. These are about 1/4 inch in length, give or take. My MTS in my enclosed ecosystem tank feed on plants and algae. At their widest point, their shells can be about the diameter of a pencil eraser. have already become their new habitats. I ordered the trumpet snail from elite inverts. Malaysian Trumpet snails are gonochoric (either male or female). However, if you can give them a larger tank it’s never a bad thing. Furthermore, their hard shells can potentially pose a threat to certain fish such as goldfish that may accidentally swallow them while foraging through the substrate. Should not be kept with large … Daniel, W. M., et al. Malaysian trumpet snails are great to use right after the tank is already cycled. They only require supplemental feeding if there is no debris left to consume or there is a very large population of snails. Most of the Malaysian trumpet snails you’ll see will measure around a quarter of an inch to half an inch in length. This reaction protects them from potential predators in the wild because their flesh is shielded by their solid shells from attack. The size of … or Best Offer. However, should not be kept with aggressive fish that may attack it such as Loaches or Pufferfish. This constant mixing of the substrate due to their movements can help keep the substrate aerated, promoting plant growth and preventing the establishment of populations of harmful anaerobic bacteria. Malaysian Trumpet Snails will naturally reproduce very quickly. Malaysian Trumpet Snails are popular snails and are very easy to breed. This leads to a lower mortality rate of young than other species and a higher number of living offspring. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, August 2012. Thus, it is possible for an entire population of MTS to be entirely female. In the video below, note the partially-closed opercula of the snails on the right. In order to shoot the video, I had removed them from their main aquarium and transferred them to a separate container. For reference, there are probably only around twenty MTS in my enclosed ecosystem, but far more in my main tank due to the abundance of food there. The snail on the left emerged fastest, and it was already beginning to explore its new enclosure in search of food. Malaysian Trumpet Snails Temperament - Peaceful PH - 7.0-7.5 Temperature - 70-78 Degrees F Diet- Invert Aquatic's Micro Mix - Blanched Zucchini, Cuttle Bone Calcium Tank Size - 5 Gallons and Larger. Malaysian trumpet snails are a perfect addition to any shrimp tank. Melanoides tuberculata (Malaysian Trumpet Snail) is a species of freshwater snail with an operculum, a parthenogenetic, aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Thiaridae. They can be seen almost through all Africa – from Morocco to Madagascar, in Asia – from Turkey to Malaysia and in Australia. Malaysian Trumpet Snails have an added benefit of aerating and stirring the substrate. Substrate aeration is a great benefit to planted aquariums as it promotes air exchange and root growth. This species is native to subtropical and tropical northern Africa and southern Asia. “Red-Rim Melania (Melanoides Tuberculatus) - Species Profile.” U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, 1 Aug. 2018. Malaysian Trumpet snails are relatively small mollusks. They range in size from a few millimeters as babies to up to 3/4 of an inch as mature adults. They are suitable for smaller aquariums. The optimum aquarium temperature for Malaysian Trumpet Snails is around 70°F - 80°F (21°C-27°C). This is likely because my fish do not consume the wafers as quickly as they consume pellets and other food items, allowing MTS time to navigate to the food before it disappears. These snails will not over populate a tank unless over feeding occurs. Malaysian Trumpet Snails can grow up to 1/2" live born young are very small. Good Quality MALAYSIAN TRUMPET Snails x 15 (mix sizes) £3.00 1d 16h. Personally, I do not put anything into my main tank with the primary intent of feeding my MTS—they simply scavenge for whatever they can find. It is likely that this ability of a single female snail to procreate, as well as the fact that many species of snails are hermaphroditic (having both female and male sex organs), led to the mistaken belief that MTS are hermaphroditic. However, these inverts are capable of growing to a full inch long in the right conditions. 25+ Malaysian Trumpet Snails Live Freshwater Aquarium Snail. Malaysian Trumpet Snail are an attractive species of tropical snails that have a variety of shapes, colors and patterns which provide not only aesthetic beauty, but bring functional utility as well. Malaysian Trumpet Snails start life very small. Malaysian Trumpet Snails require pH between about 6.5 and 8. Females can reproduce parthenogenetically (without the involvement of a male) or sexually, with male involvement. According to Wisconsin’s Department of Natural Resources, MTS can also “tolerate desiccation for up to 8 days.” Clearly, they are quite a versatile species. Malaysian Trumpet Snails are very good at consuming debris and aerating the substrate. Malaysian Trumpet Snails need Calcium for h… Malaysian Trumpet Snails for your Home Aquarium. In my experience, overfeeding and warm temperatures both appear to increase their rate of breeding; limiting excess food and debris can prevent their populations from exploding too quickly. They can also be kept with other non aggressive fish and snails species. For more information about Malaysian trumpet snails, visit! The amount of offspring produced varies based on the size of the snail, but usually 1-64 babies are stored in the brood pouch. Malaysian Trumpet Snails are avid consumers of debris, especially debris that has fallen on the gravel surface. Oftentimes, MTS are kept with other aquatic species as secondary tank inhabitants as opposed to being kept as showcase animals. The size of the shell of the parent at peak release of juveniles is 20.0 mm. 50+ MALAYSIAN TRUMPET Freshwater Aquarium Pond Feeder Puffer Fish Food Snails . They will not disturb plant roots but will aerate the aquarium benefiting both plants and fish. Benefits: 1. Are Malaysian Trumpet Snails Suitable for Your Aquarium? Free shipping. With these snails, its seems to make little difference whether predator is larger or smaller than prey. There is no right answer, there … In this section, I’m going to cover the pros and cons of trumpet snails, so that you can make an informed decision. Snails will begin reproducing at a size as small as 5 mm or 10 mm in length and broods may contain over seventy offspring (iteroparity). In general, though, MTS thrive in community tanks. They are equally as valuable as Malaysian trumpet snails and a great alternative. In actuality, this species is not hermaphroditic. Note: this care sheet was written for my AP English Language and Composition class as a sample of process analysis-style writing. To prevent this species overrunning the aquarium it is advisable to limit debris and food, thus limiting population. Warmer water temperatures will boost fertility and hatch rates. In order to supplement their diet, some use cucumber, squash, or other boiled vegetables. Do your research and you will see what I mean. Malaysian Trumpet Snails are sensitive to ammonia spikes. They have a third and very descriptive name as well—the Malaysian livebearing snail. These are small creatures that don’t need much room to thrive! Schistosomiasis: a deadly infection carried by freshwater snails,,,, Alves Pinto, Hudson & Lane de Melo, Alan. More general care suggestions and tips such as how to do water changes, how to dechlorinate water, and how to clean aquariums are available on the AquariumKids website. Malaysian Trumpet Snails are not egg layers but instead, give birth to live miniature versions of themselves. MTS are freshwater aquatic snails of the genus Melanoides. They have a lifespan of 1-2 years, and they grow to an average size of 0.8-2.5 centimeters. MTS should not be kept with species such as loaches and assassin snails, which are known to target and feed on snails. They are popular removers of debris. These snails fit well into most aquariums, so you just need to decide whether you think Malaysian Trumpet Snails are pets or pests. COPYRIGHT (C) 2015 AQUARIUMINFO.ORG ALL RIGHTS RESERVED - PRIVACY POLICY | CONTACT, Setting up the Aquarium - Basic FOWLR setup. The snails will help prevent gas build ups in the substrate and also help prevent a tank from re-cycling due to lack of bio-load. Generalists at heart, MTS are not picky eaters. The ideal tank size for Japanese Trapdoor Snails is a minimum of 10 gallons. Some of these people are even snail lovers. More space allows you to set up a habitat with more variety, or keep additional snails. Horned Nerite Snails consume debris contributing to lower nitrates. When I am about to put shrimp in the tank I will usually put about 10 to 15 Malaysian trumpet snails in there first. These snails can reproduce both sexually and through parthenogenesis, starting at a size as small as 10 millimeters! Occasionally, my MTS that are climbing on the tank walls will close their opercula and drop off of the wall, falling to the substrate during larger disturbances such as water changes. Usually a large proportion of the snails are female clones, commonly the entire population in some areas. I personally enjoy them, and if … During this time, I have not performed any water changes, nor have I fed them (they eat algae and decaying plant matter). During the night (or when they sense that food has been introduced to the tank), they are more active and inclined to explore their enclosure (though many of them will still stay buried underneath the substrate). Easy of Care is Very Easy C. pH of water generally accepted to be 6.8-8 D. Water Temperature Range 65-77 F (18-25C) The shells may be solid colors or patterned, with colors ranging from white to pinkish, to yellow, to even brown and gray. Shell Appearance and Snail Lifespan. Usually, a female will drop 1 to 91 babies; however, large Malaysian Trumpet snail females can produce up to 200 plus, young snails. MTS are notoriously easy to breed and will do so quite prolifically. Vennie-Vollrath, Erin. Reproduction Process. Malaysian Trumpet Snails are an excellent purchase, just be weary of their ability to rapidly breed. By Evan Baldonado(Founder of AquariumKids). For this reason it is wise to stock no more than one snail for every 2 gallons of aquarium water. Due to their hardy nature, burrowing tendencies, and the swift pace at which these R-strategists breed, they are capable of completely overwhelming a tank under certain conditions. Like some other species of snail, they can reproduce at rapid rates. Free shipping. Malaysian Trumpet Snails eat almost continuously. Snails without an operculum, like Ramshorn Snails, are … Contrary to common opinion, Malaysian Trumpet snails are NOT hermaphrodite (where each individual has both male and female organs). However in large numbers they will require supplemental food. Females tend to be a bit bigger than males. Under the right conditions they can grow to about an inch in length from apex to aperture. They can also live in brackish water and thrive in water between 65–89℉ (source: They can be identified by the long cone-like shell on their backs. However, they are also apomictic parthenogenetic (females can produce young female clones without a male to fertilise the eggs). Shell Size and Color: Malaysian Trumpet Snails have elongated shells that resemble a sugar cone. The body of MTS are brownish and speckled with yellow or green spots. Basic info and species profile of this loved/hated aquarium snail. Snails will be equal to or larger than 1/4 of an inch. This care sheet is intended to teach aquarists the specifics of MTS care. For example, if you mainly breed shrimp in pool filtration sand the Malaysian trumpet snails will bury themselves inside the sand and feed on the waste. Author Note: Measurements reflect the distance from the apex of the shell to the opening. I am sure that someone with more experience of these snails will add to the thread. As mentioned before, it is wise to begin with far less Malaysian Trumpet Snails than ultimately wanted. Will not eat your plants (Snails ship 1/4" - 5/8" in size) The Malaysian Trumpet Snail feeds on detritus and leftover food that is underneath the substrate Great for aerating the substrate. Common Name: Malaysian Trumpet Snail or MTS: Scientific Name: Melanoides Tuberculata: Adult Size: 2.5-3.0 CM or 1.0-1.2 inches: Water Temp: 15°-30° C or 50°-90° F Shellfishes of Melanoides kind are from Thiaridae family and Gastropoda shellfish class. “LR_Melanoides_tuberculata.pdf” Edited by Scott Van Egeren. The body of MTS are brownish and speckled with yellow or green spots. They range in size from a few millimeters as babies to up to 3/4 of an inch as mature adults. Shells can be solid or have patterns with colors ranging from brown, grey and creamy-white. They are docile and a suitable inhabitant for a community tank. Malaysian Trumpet Snails do not consume live plants and will not compete with aquarium shrimp for food. Trumpet Snails are already sexually mature by the time they reach 5mm. Females are often slightly larger than males, but sexing is difficult. Malaysian Trumpet Snails are popular snails and are very easy to breed. “A Checklist of Trematodes (Platyhelminthes) Transmitted by Melanoides Tuberculata (Mollusca: Thiaridae)”. The exact feeding regimen of MTS varies depending upon the tank in which they live as well as the tank mates with which they live. Malaysian Trumpet Snails breed rapidly in an aquarium. Given how undemanding MTS are in terms of tank requirements, most aquarists do not purchase tanks with the sole intent of keeping MTS. The shells appear to grow in rings as they swirl up from the apex. Malaysian Trumpet Snails are a tropical freshwater species of aquarium snail. Spike Tail Trumpet Snail Sexing [edit | edit source] All individuals are hermaphroditic and livebearers, a single snail can turn into many. The average size of juevenile snails is about 1.0-1.2mm. Malaysian Trumpet Snails can simply be fed commercial pellets. $24.99. Otherwise i would have rated them at 5 stars.