16. 12 Basic Components of a Building Structure, Substructure and Superstructure in Building Construction, What is Cross Wall Construction? The terracing serves dual purpose i.e. Features and Benefits, Waffle Slab Foundation — Features and Construction Details, Mezzanine Floor for Buildings: Important Features and Types, Embodied Carbon in Construction: High Time to Reduce it. For a single storey building, the top slab forms the roof. Plinth A slab is a structural component that is used to create flat horizontal surfaces such as floors, roof decks and ceilings. The stair should be constructed in such a manner that it is safe and comfortable to use and it should be so located as to permit easy communication. A non-load bearing wall on the other hand carries its own weight and is not designed to carry super-imposed load from the structure. The structural system consists only of the members designed to carry the loads, and all other members are referred to as non-structural. A building element is any structural or non-structural component or assembly, incorporated into or associated with the operation of a building. Buildings may also be constructed as a framed structure with columns and footings and then Walled. Plinth beam is a beam structure constructed either at or above the ground level to take up the load of the wall coming over it. All Rights Reserved. The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc. They divide a building into different levels so that creating more accommodation on a given plot of land. A slab is usually several inches thick and supported by beams, columns, walls, or the ground. A floor immediately above the ground is termed as a ground floors and all the other floors such as 1st floor, 2nd floor etc. Buildings and structural components have substantially longer depreciable lives than tangible personal property. A lean concrete of 1 : 4 : 8, 100 mm thick is laid. However, a building includes the structure itself and nonstructural components (e.g., cladding, roofing, interior walls and ceilings, HVAC systems, electrical systems) permanently attached to and supported by the structure. Doors, Windows, and Ventilation: 11 8. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. are termed as upper floors. Openings are provided in the walls for ventilation and access to the building. Sanjib Sengupta September 2016 2. What are the Different Types of Raft Foundation? The Foundation is a structural unit that uniformly distributes the load from the superstructure to the underlying soil. In a well-planned layout, the walls divide the space in such a manner so as to achieve maximum carpet area and minimum area of circulation. Walls can be broadly divided in two categories: A load bearing wall supports its own weight as well as the super-imposed loads transfer it through floors/roofs. Beams and slabs form the horizontal members in a building. Beams and slabs are constructed by reinforced cement concrete (R.C.C). Corner Columns . Sink and toilet facilities, sprinkler systems, fire escapes, elevators and escalators do not qualify. Pier is a vertical load bearing structural component similar to a column except that it is bonded into load bearing wall at the sides to form an integral part of the wall and extends to full height of the wall. Building Components Available From Pascal Steel Pascal Steel offers a wide array of building components, parts and accessories for pre-engineered & prefab 760-944-7767 Facebook Such components are. Walls are vertical elements which support the roof. Columns can be of two types: Architectural columns and structural columns. Although structural components of buildings are generally excluded from the definition of “section 38 property” for purposes of the investment tax credit, the ----- has been specifically designed and engineered for Taxpayer’s commercial building. The structural components of roof decking in case of pitched roof is generally a truss, in case of curved roof it is a shell or dome and in case of flat roof it is a flat slab. Building Finishes: 14 11. In residential buildings, lintels can be either constructed from concrete or from bricks. For framed structures, the foundation could be in the form of independent column footings, combined footing, rafts or piles. STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS. The plinth is constructed above the ground level. In addition, walls provide security, privacy, and give protection against sun, rain, cold and other adverse effects of weather. A beam is a horizontal structural element/member spanning a distance between one or more supports, and carrying vertical loads across (transverse to) its longitudinal axis that is capable of withstanding load primarily by resisting against bending. Living Room & Its Furniture For Your Home! Roof is the exterior and the uppermost part of any building structure. Foundation. Positioning & maintenance of lifts & stairs works 1. A Slab is used as a base as well as a ceiling/ roof to transfer the load of the structure to the beams/walls. Lost your password? To reduce risk of failure due to settlement of soil. Before flooring, the ground has to be properly compacted and leveled. VIP members get additional benefits. This is known as a lintel, and is similar in character to beam. These structural components can be classified into horizontal components (Floors, roofs, and beams) and vertical components (columns and walls). VIP members get additional benefits. It is the place where the inhabitants perform their most activities. To achieve this, the designer must make sure that the superstructure, foundation and soil act together. Login to The Constructor to ask questions, answer people’s questions, write articles & connect with other people. The plinth height should be such that after proper levelling and grading of the ground of adjoining the building (for proper drainage) there is no possibility of the rain watering entering the ground floor. Know the Difference Between Cement and Concrete. 1 Components Of A Building: 2 1. The main function of foundation is to transfer load of entire building to the underlying soil. 6.Floors. In case of flat roofs, the roof covering is termed as terracing, which could comprise of a layer of varying thickness of material like lime, concrete, mud phuska etc. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and … Ravin Desai is Co-Founder of gharpedia.com and Director of SDCPL. 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