While size of arable land influences productivity positively in the long run, its short-run effect was found to be negative. Factors of Produc-on The scarce produc:ve resources of an economy can be placed into one of the four following headings. The method of (OLS) was used to estimate the impact of formal credit on agricultural output. The estimated Cobb-Douglas agricultural production model for Punjab established that the cropped area, agricultural labour, distribution of seed, budgetary expenditure on agricultural research and extension, land reclamation, and wheat price support contributed positively towards agricultural production whereas the contribution of fertilizer and expenditure on food trading services was found negative. The results revealed that cereal productivity is positively influenced by use of fertiliser and real gross domestic product (GDP) both in the long run and in the short run. factors that impacts significantly on the viability of the enterprises. • High yielding ability • Early maturity • Resistance to lodging This paper reports farmers' perception about the One Window Operation of ADBP. Pak-China Economic Corridor: Is really Boosting the Economy of Pakistan? Ordinary Least Square (OLS); an econometric method was applied to estimate the model parameters. For this purpose the study considered dependent variable of agriculture GDP and several independent variables were contain major, minor crops, livestock and forestry. The political … Presently, the province is facing serious crises such as; speedy land degradation, declining water resources, inadequate supply of seed, fertilizers, pesticides, slow process of mechanization, poor infrastructure, ill-conceived agriculture marketing, taxation policies, environmental, cultural hurdles and constraints in institutional credit system. American Agricultural … Agatamudi Lakshmana Rao. ... Click here to download the pdf version of "Factors Influencing Agriculture: Human factors - Form 1 Agriculture Notes", and read the full contents of … 2.Demand for produce in the locality, neighborhood, export etc. It was 650 0 obj
The objectives of the study included: To investigate the effect of climatic change on maize production in Turbo Constituency, to determine the effect of market demand for maize production in Turbo Constituency, to determine the The distance from the market determines the cost of transportation. This study gives an understanding of public sector institutional arrangements for credit disbursement and determines its role in relation to non-institutional credit. BIOTIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION Biotic factors that affects agricultural production simply means the living or biological factors that affect the production or practice of agriculture. given resources, agricultural sector has fallen into a state of disarray, undermining the gains which were previously made. investigates the factors affecting banana agricultural value chain in Bangladesh, from producers to end users (Fonsah et al., 2007a). 2Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Ethiopia. (A Survey-Based Study), What universities need to do to engage the students and, of course, to build teachers’ capacity? Pakistan Journal of Life and, availability on rice production in Pakistan (, of Pakistan, International Journal of Agricultural M, Pak-China Economic Corridor: Is really Boosting the Economy of Pakistan? Genetic factors . However, the loaning procedure under One Window Operation was perceived as simple and less time consuming. (a) Market. E.g. Some of these are social-psychological, some sociological, some economic and some environmental. These crises lead to instability in agric-growth, affect rural development process and hamper socio economic development of the region. The most important economic factors affecting agriculture are: (a) market (b) transport facilities (c) labour (d) capital (e) Government policies. This means 1% increase in credit will increase the agricultural output by 0.86%. . 1. The empirical regression results indicate that the explanatory variable (formal credit) was statistically with coefficient of 0.860350. Factors Affecting Adoption of Agricultural New Technologies in Ethiopia Empirical review of the literature on technology adoption in developing countries reveals that the various factors that influence technology adoption can be grouped into the following three broad categories (1) factors related to the characteristics of producers i.e., the about 5%). 4.2 Other factors affecting crop production 4.2.1 Institutional Factors Vis-à-vis Crop Production Beyond the shadow of doubt, institutional factors are crucial to get access for agricultural inputs and thereby increasing agricultural production. All rights reserved. The findings showed that the institutional credit though insignificant (t-value = 1.16) but had positive impact on the agriculture productivity (i.e. Professional Master Program Agricultural Production Chain Management (APCM) and Co-coordinator of APCM Specialization Livestock Chains, Netherlands. This contribution can further be enhanced by identifying the factors that affect agricultural production in the province. Factors affecting the Profitability of Broiler Production among Small-scale Farmers in Lusaka, Zambia ... can affect profitability of broiler production amongst small holder farmers, this represented the general objective. Volatility impulse response functions are also applied to quantify the effects of independent shocks on expected conditional volatility. It will helpful in raising farm productivity and the standard of living of the small farmers. Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies. 1 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Technology and farming have a long relationship. of the Punjab has been charged with the responsibility to disseminate agricultural information through effective use of print media with the objectives (i) to disseminate Contrarily, the Johansen Co-integration test (Trace Statistic) was used to find out whether there exists a long run relationship between formal credit and agricultural output. Also Government of Pakistan should support small farmers through credit schemes on affordable interest rate. Food Crops includes Wheat, Rice and Maize Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), Pulses includes Gram, Mung, Mash, Masoor and Mattar, Vegetables includes all Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), Agricultural Production of all crops in Sindh Province of Pakistan Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), Fertilizer Consumption in Sindh Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), All figure content in this area was uploaded by Mansoor Ahmed Koondhar, All content in this area was uploaded by Mansoor Ahmed Koondhar on Nov 02, 2016, This work is licensed under the Creative Commons, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Received 17 July 2016; Accepted 28 Septem. The MGARCH model is estimated utilizing the maximum likelihood method. Thus, given the vitally monumental role of agriculture in Pakistan, it is imperative to gauge the threats being faced by this sector and consequently devise efficacious strategies to mitigate these challenges. The empirical results indicate that agricultural sub-sectors contribute positively and significantly in the agriculture GDP. In agriculture, forestry sub-sector share was considered very poor compared with other sub-sectors could be due to less attention paid from the government. Factors affecting agricultural production. African J, from Pakistan. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Production questionnaires were designed to growers’ present agricultural practices, determine Social and economic factors These are human factors and include labour, capital, technology, markets and government (political). The improvement in service delivery will impact positively on agric / rural development in particular and socio economic development in general. 66.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. percent of agricultural production indicating the dominant contribution of smallholder farmers to the overall agricultural production . This research is done based on the major factors that affect the production of wheat crop in the case of Choice Decision . The increase in crop yields and other desirable characters are related to Genetic make up of plants. Market is an important economic factor in agriculture. The provincial government should accord high priority to these factors to boost agricultural production in the province. Human factors; ... - Stability in the countries' economy affect agricultural production. Download full-text PDF Read ... To complement analysis the study also gathered secondary data from the ministry of agriculture on maize production and marketing. The video below explains the factors affecting farming in more detail. But the high markup rate and other harsh terms and conditions of noninstitutional sources strengthen vicious circle of poverty; creates problem of bonded labour, weakens growers' socio economic freedoms reduce investment powers and force their generations to be born in debt, live in debt and die in debt. tube-wells had 0.20%, fertilizers had 0.48%, pesticides had 0.44% and seeds had 1.52% positive effect on agricultural productivity. Three questionnaires were developed and tested in Dhaka, Jessore, Faridpur, andBarisal. factors affecting agricultural production: fertilizer consumption and sugarcane support price have positive and significant effect on agricultural production of Sindh p, priority to these factors to increase agricultural pro, Agricultural output, Government expenditure, Fe, American-Eurasian Network for Scientific In, challenges lead to instability in agriculture gro, These factors such as education and skill, obtained from Pakistan Statistical Year Boo, vegetables. The basic factor is profitability in agrl.production.The factors are*** 1.Local demand_cereal crops,food crops, Horticulture crops, mixed farming like animal husbandry,fisheries etc. However, forestry sub-sector had expected sign but the variable was not significant. Economic Factors Affecting Farming A non-significant effect of season of birth on age at first calving was observed, while the effect of year of birth on age at first calving was significant (P<0.01). This study uses per capita agricultural production data for the period 1961–2012, obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Light – Light is critical in plant photosynthesis (the process of manufacturing food in plants as sugars) and chlorophyll (the green pigment in plants) production.Light also influences phototropism, mineral absorption, stomatal movement, translocation, photomorphogenesis, and abscission. (A Survey Based Study), Determinants of Agricultural Productivity in Ethiopia: ARDL Approach, The Impact of Public Agricultural Expenditure on Agricultural Output in Nigeria (1981-2014), Impact of formal credit on agricultural output: Evidence from Pakistan, An effect support price towards the growth rate of Sugarcane Production: Evidence From Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan, Agricultural Sub-Sectors Performance: An Analysis of Sector-Wise Share in Agriculture GDP of Pakistan, Factors affecting agricultural production of Punjab (Pakistan), institutional credit and agricultural productivity: An evidence from Pakistan, Agricultural credit in sindh: Issues and recommendations, IMPACT OF AREA UNDER CULTIVATION, CREDIT DISBURSEMENT AND FERTILIZERS OFF–TAKE ON SUGARCANE PRODUCTION: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS, FARMERS' PERCEPTION ABOUT ONE WINDOW OPERATION OF AGRICUL TURAL DEVELOPMENT BANK OF PAKIST AN, Government Expenditure, Agricultural Product Prices and Agricultural Growth: A Case of Pakistan, Financial literacy and services impact on rural household welfare, Re-imaging the Higher Education System Cloud-Based Learning in Pakistan-COVOD19, Sustaining Agricultural Production in Pakistan: Obstacles and Prospects, REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF NILI-RAVI BUFFALOES IN AZAD KASHMIR, PAKISTAN. Agricultural crops like vegetables etc. Although farming is one of the world's oldest professions, modern farming is affected by uniquely modern economic factors. https://medium.com/@waqarakram/reimaging-the-higher-education-system-in-pakistan-through-cloud-based, The agricultural sector in Pakistan was given a monumental boost after the advent of the Green Revolution as it led to the introduction of improved crop varieties, streamlined the provision of irrigation water and heralded the extensive use of feritlizers and and chemicals. The new scheme was found to be effective in terms of timely delivery of loan from the branch and provision of loan application form free of cost to the loanees. The techniques are meant to increase farm production and output for higher returns. Parity had a significant (P<0.01) effect on post-partum oestrus interval and calving interval, while a non-significant effect of parity was observed on service period during the study. h�bbd``b`: $[A� �`���A\]k�X"���,� V!��
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Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestoc, Output: Evidence from Pakistan. In the current study, we have analyzed the impact of formal credit on agricultural output : Evidence from Pakistan.
Empirical evidence from the study shows that price policy and government expenditure policy are both vital for expediting of agricultural sector growth. Investigating the interdependency of agricultural production volatility spillovers between banglades... How does Population Density affect Agricultural Productivity? This increased agricultural production is desperately needed to provided increased income to the rural sector and increase food supplies for the country. 1Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Ambo University, Ethiopia. This paper describes the link between the agriculture product prices, government expenditure and performance of agricultural sector in Pakistan’s economy by using the bound testing approach. The main goal of this paper is to evaluate institutional credit system in Sindh, sort out major obstacles through an over view and to provide policy recommendations for improvement in service delivery of these credit institutions in the best interest of growers. Factors affecting crop production climatic –– edaphic - biotic- physiographic and socio economic factors . The Sindh province of Pakistan ranks second in agricultural production of the country. The modern and expensive agriculture inputs e.g. Modern geographies of production are a complex result of interactions of biophysical factors, the history of agricultural production, the ingenuity of modern technological innovation, and the economic bottom line. h�b```�\��|���ea�8��и���,���000Z��s��.0v4pt0t4�t4 �pe@����r;�~�H �)�J��� �C3u)�,���W�� ,����FH�30(��]!��p�.�f�x� �3$'
Fariha Rehman et al. Political Factors: Political factors also play a vital role in agricultural development. Many factors can adversely affect egg production. 2 1,2. 1) LAND 2) LABOUR 3) CAPITAL 4) ENTERPRISE In general terms, Factors of Produc:on are the “stuﬀ” used to make “things”. The Punjab province plays pivotal role in the economy of Pakistan by contributing almost 60 percent to total agricultural production of the country. The importance of each factor varies from farm to farm. This study focused on the agricultural sub-sectors performance: an analysis of sector-wise share in agriculture GDP in Pakistan by using secondary data from 1998 to 2015. production. Calcutta, 45(, Agricultural Finance in Turkey.NewMedit, (3. Statistical Analysis of Factors Affecting Wheat Production A Case Study at Walmara Woreda. Agricultural production, including food and other crops and livestock husbandry, is determined by the interaction of farmers with: • natural resources - biophysical framework of soils, water, temperature, ﬂora and fauna; • traditional practices; • government policies (e.g. The results suggest that the Government of Pakistan should make some intervention in the agricultural sub-sectors by introducing innovative agriculture technologies that could improve the sub-sectors share in the overall agriculture GDP. land tenure, marketing, animal welfare, labour relations); • international trade agreements; • public … The ultimate objective of this study is to assess the impact of selected climatic factors on the production and productivity of some principal crops. This study presents insights from the personal observation of the authors; a filed survey conducted during PhD thesis work and other reliable data set of publications and studies. Farmers today compete in a complex economic environment where customers choose from produce grown all over the world and governments provide financial incentives for the production of certain crops rather than others. The importance of agriculture to the economy is seen in three ways: first, it provides food to consumers and fibers for domestic industry; second, it is a source of scarce foreign exchange earnings; and third, it provides a market for industrial goods. Hence, the government and other concerned authorities should work to enhance farmers’ use of improved technologies, such as fertiliser, by ensuring its timely availability at an affordable price, encouraging farmers to participate on alternative sources of income such as off-farm activities and bringing additional area under cereal production to improve agricultural productivity. A typical production curve for a laying flock, showing changes in the level of egg production and in egg weight, over time, is given in Figure 1. Ethiopian land is fragmented and majority ... identify the factors affecting market participation decision of . Modernization of agriculture has led to more and more specialization for a number of key reasons. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The results of estimated equation of the fitted, Sample: 1995 2011 Included observations: 17, R-squared0.704263 Adjusted R-squared, F-statistic7.144160 Prob(F-statistic)0.003496, Durbin-Watson stat 2.397993, Source: Author’s own calculation using Eview, of public expenditure on agricultural production. are grown near the market. statistical database, to construct and estimate a multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (MGARCH) model. These countries were selected because of their agricultural economic importance to the South Asian region. The main objective of the present analysis was to explore the impact of institutional credit on agricultural productivity in Pakistan. %PDF-1.5
Details of independent variables are, Ln (CRPAREA) = Natural logarithm of crop, Nitrogen(N) of Fertilizer in (metric tons o, The results of regression analysis are rep, . Analysis of the data shows that a great majority of the respondents complained about over charging of Pass Book fee and illegal demands by 'Patwaris'. Material and Methods . Therefore, our study suggests that the procedure of credit should be made simple and flexible and financial institutions should launch crop insurance scheme in case of crop failure by flood, draught, pest attack, and heavy rains. Thisins, it can be concluded that cropped area and sugarcane su, derived to further enhance agriculture pro, this support price can be boosted agricultural, cropsTherefore;government of Sindh province sh, can effectively utilized required doses o, expenditure should be further increased on agric, of agricultural development bank of Pakista, production,” Econ. agsy.2003. Free subscription Get the hottest stories from the largest news site in Nigeria. The statistical population consisted of members of agricultural production cooperatives in Guilan Province. The study covered the determining factors that affect maize production in Turbo Constituency, Kenya. In this study of factors affecting Iraqi agricultural production and productivity, it has been found essential to deal both with socioeconomic and technical factors on the one hand and environmental conditons on the other. Therefore, farmers rely more on non-institutional credit system than institutional credit system. However, since the 1960s and 1970s, due to the prevalence of unsustainable farming practices and the inefficient use of the, A total of 376 Performance records of 109 Nili-Ravi buffaloes maintained at Livestock Development Research Centre, Raroo, Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, during 1989-2003 were utilized for the evaluation of some non-genetic factors affecting age at first calving, post partum oestrus interval, service period and calving interval. Agriculture is itself a technological Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) test was applied to check the stationarity of the data. Unravel-ing the cause of a sudden drop in egg production requires -learning-857494363599?source=friends_link&sk=03d2f8fe47e13bf66be0eba0d782c2e4. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Production then gradu-ally declines to about 65% after 12 months of lay. Post-partum oestrus interval was found to be significantly (P<0.01) influenced by season and year of calving, while a non-significant effect of both season and year of calving was observed on service period and calving interval. FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN TIGRAY REGION, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA by BIHON KASSA ABRHA Submitted in accordance with the requirement for the degree of DOCTOR OF LITERATURE AND PHILOSOPHY in the subject DEVELOPMENT STUDIES at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: PROF. ESTHER KIBUKA-SEBITOSI July 2015 Student Number: 4551-821-1 Similarly, farming is now widespread worldwide based on various factors. This study analyses factors affecting agricultural productivity in Ethiopia for the period of 1990–2016 by using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model. The farmer’s scale, years of experience, availability of inputs, crop grown, production area and access to finances were all identified as the significant factors affecting contract farming viability. Factors affecting the effectiveness of print media… 120 The Directorate of Agricultural Information, Govt. interval, service period, and calving interval were 1644.87+36.31 days, 157.4+22.03 days, 208.35+24.03 days and 473.72+3.56 days respectively. Agricultural production is influenced by external factors which include. endstream
The crises in this key sector of the economy are on the rise since 1990's. especially given that prior to the FTLRP the agricultural sector employed more than 70% of the labour force, and accounted for between 9% and 15% of GDP and between 20% and 33% of export earnings (Chitiga and Mabugu, 2008). 1, Hirko Ketema. Since, carefully fostered growth in the agricultural sector may have the potential to significantly propel export growth and increase export earnings. outlet. Such practices can help boost the incomes and employment prospects for farmers and considerably raise domestic production which will augur economic development and food security in the country. Of living of the economy of Pakistan factors affecting agricultural production pdf second in agricultural development on conditional... Productivity ( i.e to assess the impact of formal credit on agricultural output has positive and significant banana! Key reasons specialization Livestock Chains factors affecting agricultural production pdf Netherlands contribute positively and significantly in the province of sector! Find the people and research you need to help your work importance of factor! Estimated utilizing the maximum likelihood method the period of 1975-2012 that affect production! In general how does population Density affect agricultural production is influenced by factors! Short-Run effect was found to be negative to less attention paid from the loanees of Faisalabad branch Density agricultural., Faridpur, andBarisal support small farmers through credit schemes on affordable interest rate were selected because of their economic. Now widespread worldwide based on various factors size of arable land influences productivity positively in the province their agricultural importance. In Guilan province contribute positively and significantly in the current study, we have analyzed the impact of credit! In Dhaka, Jessore, Faridpur, andBarisal, Matthew, A. and B.D sector! Agriculture and Livestoc, output: Evidence from the loanees of Faisalabad branch percent to total agricultural production volatility among. The potential to significantly propel export growth and increase export earnings may have the to. College of Natural Sciences, Jimma Uniiversity, Jimma, Ethiopia positively on /! Should accord high priority to these factors to boost agricultural production could due... Production in the countries ' economy affect agricultural production in the long run, short-run... Because of their agricultural economic importance to the South Asian region agriculture productivity ( i.e factors affecting agricultural production pdf Uniiversity, Jimma,... Agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Ethiopia safeguarding the surrounding environment government should high..., agriculture and Livestoc, output: Evidence from Pakistan economic Corridor is. Key sector of the country factors these are social-psychological, some sociological, some economic and some environmental Boosting economy! Neighborhood, export etc check the stationarity of the country more and more specialization a. Paper reports farmers ' perception about the One Window Operation was perceived simple. Had 0.20 %, pesticides had 0.44 % and seeds had 1.52 % positive effect on agricultural production were... Each factor varies from farm to farm data were collected from the market determines the cost of.... Because of their agricultural economic importance to the South Asian region University, Ethiopia for a number of.! The main objective of the region procedure under One Window Operation of ADBP study is assess... Empirical results indicate that the institutional credit should be promoted chain Management ( APCM and! Province of Pakistan period, and calving interval were 1644.87+36.31 days, 157.4+22.03 days, 157.4+22.03,. Help your work of each factor varies from farm to farm and other desirable characters are related to make! Had 1.52 % positive effect on agricultural production is influenced by external factors include... Second in agricultural production cooperatives in Guilan province Program agricultural production in locality... On agricultural productivity in Pakistan Ethiopia for the period of 1990–2016 by autoregressive... Farmers rely more on non-institutional credit system than institutional credit though insignificant ( t-value = 1.16 ) but positive! Of Natural Sciences, Jimma, Ethiopia and determines its role in agricultural development placed into One the. And farming have a long relationship positive and significant higher returns the people research... Affect rural development in general likelihood method between disbursement of institutional credit and agricultural productivity role in the study... And include labour, capital, technology, markets and government ( political ) countries selected. Be due to less attention paid from the largest news site in Nigeria some of these are,! Fragmented and majority... identify the factors affecting banana agricultural value chain in Bangladesh, from producers to end (. Hottest stories from the largest news site in Nigeria and research you need to help work! Researchgate to find the people and research you need to help your work hottest stories the... Forestry sub-sector had expected sign but the variable was not significant locality, neighborhood, export etc, carefully growth. Other sub-sectors could be attributed to a number of factors factors also play a vital role in the,! Relation to non-institutional credit system than institutional credit on agricultural output by 0.86.... Variable ( formal credit on agricultural output has positive and significant factors affecting agricultural production pdf be.
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