The city's high school graduation rate reached 71 percent in 2013, according to the state Department of Education. Several radio stations are based in Hartford, including WDRC (AM), WDRC (FM), WHCN (FM), WJMJ (FM), WPOP (AM), WTIC (AM), WTIC (FM) and WPKT (FM, NPR). List of Amc - Free ebook download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read book online for free. Spring and fall temperatures are usually pleasant, with mild days and crisp, cool nights. It feeds into the Cobble Mountain Reservoir (completed in 1931) located at the junction of the towns of Blandford, Granville and Russell. [citation needed] In 2005, a developer from Newton, Massachusetts tried unsuccessfully to bring an NHL team back to Hartford and house them in a new, publicly funded stadium. According to the 2010 Census, there were 61,706 housing units in Springfield, of which 56,752 were occupied. Other venues include The Student Prince Cafe, a long-running German restaurant at its downtown location since 1935, featured on Thrillist's 2014 Editor's Choice bars, and a wide array of long-running acclaimed Italian restaurants such as Frigo's (1950), The Red Rose (1963), and Leone's (1988) and pastry shops like La Fiorentina (1947). Census estimates since the 2010 United States Census have indicated that Hartford is the fourth-largest city in Connecticut, behind the coastal cities of Bridgeport, New Haven, and Stamford. Frederick Law Olmsted (1822–1903), considered the father of the profession of Landscape Architecture, was born in Hartford. Poverty in a Land of Plenty: Can Hartford Ever Recover? It also serves as the headquarters of the professional American Hockey League, the NHL's minor league, Peter Pan Bus, and Big Y Supermarkets, among other businesses. Springfield has had professional baseball in the past, and according to its current mayor, remains intent on pursuing it in the future. An initiative to change the composition failed to pass the City Council twice. Larger rock and hip-hop acts play at the 7,000-seat MassMutual Center. Hartford is the capital city of the U.S. state of Connecticut. Prior to the 2014–15 season, Springfield was home to the Springfield Armor of the NBA Development League, which began play in 2009 at the MassMutual Center. Many of the townhouses will be occupied by, American Airlines Building – Located at 915 Main Street across from Capital Community College and the, This page was last edited on 13 February 2021, at 23:33. [62] Seasonal snowfall has ranged from 115.2 inches (293 cm) during the winter of 1995–96 to 13.5 inches (34 cm) in 1999–2000. The ballot initiative that established a new council with five at-large seats and eight ward seats passed 3–1. In 1925, the company expanded into aircraft engine design at its Hartford factory. [79] Other neighborhoods in Hartford include Barry Square, Behind the Rocks, Clay Arsenal, South West, and Upper Albany, which is dotted by many Caribbean restaurants and specialty stores. Official records for Hartford kept at downtown from January 1905 to December 1948, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Bacon, Nick. [138] Hartford is also home to another semi-pro soccer team, Hartford City FC, which currently play in the NPSL. The team currently play at Dunkin' Donuts Park. Browse the WebMD Questions and Answers A-Z library for insights and advice for better health. [180], Hartford's cuisine was shaped by its early settlers, who brought Dutch and English influence which combined with that of the Saukiog Indians in the area. Out of the siege, Miles Morgan and his sons were lauded as heroes; as one of the few homesteads to survive the attack, alerting troops in Hadley, as well as Toto, often referred to as the "Windsor Indian" who, running 20 miles from Windsor, Connecticut to the settlement, was able to give advance warning of the attack.[22]. [24][25] The Stowes' sister Isabella Beecher Hooker was a leading member of the women's rights movement. He wanted to contract out his first order, however, so he approached George Fairfield of Weed Sewing Machine Company, who produced Pope's first run of bicycles in 1878. C.B. The Giants played at Pynchon Park by the Connecticut River until relocating after the 1965 season. The "U of H" campus is co-located in the city's Blue Hills neighborhood and in neighboring towns West Hartford and Bloomfield.[112]. These supporters organized torch-light parades that were both political and social events, often including fireworks and music, in celebration of Lincoln's visit to the city. [94], Springfield's Indian Orchard neighborhood is home to the RMS Titanic Historical Society's Titanic Museum. Now It's a Turnaround Success Story", "Western Massachusetts communities deal with cleanup costs in wake of October snowstorm", "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of February 1, 2017", "News—Where Were They on Election Day? By that time, Colt had become one of the wealthiest men in America. Like every other municipality in Massachusetts, Springfield has no judicial branch itself. The city has recovered, however receiving a bond upgrade from Standard and Poor's Investment Services and the GFOA's Distinguished Budget Award for six consecutive years. In the Club Quarter, centered on Stearns Square, nightly offerings include blues, college rock, jazz, indie, hip-hop, jam band, Latin, hard rock, pop, metal, karaoke, piano bars, and DJs. [43] On July 6, 1944, Hartford was the scene of one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States. [27] Among numerous other industries, during the first half of the 20th century Springfield also produced brass goods, chemicals, clothing and knit goods, paper goods, watches, boilers, engines, manufacturing machinery, silverware, jewelry, skates, carriages, buttons, needles, toys, and printed books and magazines. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Springfield, like all municipalities in Massachusetts, is subject to limited home rule municipal power. Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company operated at full capacity and employed over 1,000 people in its Hartford factory. His business practices were also innovative, involving a shrewd use of patents to protect his products, as well as new developments in marketing and business organization to create a highly successful business which long outlived him. There are no major freight yards in Springfield proper, but Connecticut Southern Railroad and CSX serve CSX's West Springfield yard across the Connecticut River. As the first strong mayor elected under the revised charter, he is widely credited with reducing crime, reforming the school system, and sparking economic revitalization in the city. [143], From 2000 to 2006 Hartford was home to the Hartford FoxForce of World TeamTennis. The 30,000-student University of Massachusetts Amherst is located 16 miles (26 km) north of Springfield. For example, Amherst College, 15 miles (24 km) north of Springfield, and Smith College, 13 miles (21 km) north of Springfield, consistently rank among America's top 10 liberal arts colleges. Springfield—like many mid-size Northeastern cities, e.g., Hartford, Albany, and New Haven—from the 1950s to the 1970s, razed a significant number of historic commercial buildings in the name of urban renewal. Constitution Plaza forced hundreds of households to relocate when it was built a few decades ago. [20][21] During its early existence, Springfield flourished both as an agricultural settlement and as a trading post, although its prosperity waned dramatically during (and after) King Philip's War in 1675, when natives laid siege to it and burned it to the ground as part of the ongoing campaign. [47], Hartford experienced problems as the population shrank 11 percent during the 1990s. There would still be some at-large seats under this format. Among his designs are New York's Central Park, 1893 Chicago World's Fair, and Asheville's Biltmore Estate. Hartford coordinates certain Hartford-Springfield regional development matters through the Knowledge Corridor Economic Partnership. The Civil War led to a surge in demand, and Colt supplied the Union Army. Hartford 21 – On the site of the former Hartford Civic Center Mall (now known as the XL Center), the project includes a 36-story residential tower—the tallest residential tower between New York City and Boston, and is located at the intersection of Trumbull Street and Asylum Street. Trains operate to New Haven, CT with multiple stops in Connecticut along the way. In 2007 Mayor Charles V. Ryan and City Councilor Jose Tosado proposed a home-rule amendment that would expand the council to thirteen members adding four seats to the existing nine member at large system, but allocated between eight ward and five at large seats. Claiming the lives of 168 persons, mostly children and their mothers and injuring several hundred more. In the Ridgewood Historic District, the 1950s-futurist Mulberry House (101 Mulberry Street), is now a condominium building that features some of the finest views of Springfield. The Ridgewood Historic district on Ridgewood and Mulberry Streets also feature historic mansions from the 19th and early 20th centuries. [30] Moreover, his innovative use of art, celebrity endorsements, and corporate gifts to promote his wares made him a pioneer in the fields of advertising, product placement, and mass marketing. [26] The largest railcar works in New England, Wason produced 100 cars a day at its peak; the company was eventually was purchased by Brill in 1907 and closed during the Depression in 1937. [186] Food can today be found throughout the city from a very wide variety of ethnic influence. Efforts to establish a public library began in the 1850s. Males had a median income of $28,444 versus $26,131 for females. Informing the Future", "Governor Rell: The Governor's Residence Virtual Tour", "Home Improvement Guide | Counter Top Era", "Play Ball! Springfield has several nicknames—"The City of Firsts", due to the many innovations developed there, such as the first American dictionary, the first American gas-powered automobile, and the first machining lathe for interchangeable parts; "The City of Homes", due to its Victorian residential architecture; and "Hoop City", as basketball—one of the world's most popular sports[18]—was invented in Springfield in 1891 by James Naismith. [150][151], Several major surface arteries also run through the city. Angelo Puppolo (D-Springfield). Together they transitioned the company from the end of the American Civil War into the 20th century, seeing the evolution from percussion revolvers to cartridge revolvers to semiautomatic pistols and machineguns. Hartford outsources ambulance services to private companies, including Aetna Ambulance in the South End and American Medical Response in the North End. Elected every odd numbered year, eight of its members are elected to represent "wards", which are made of (sometimes incongruous) groupings of Springfield neighborhoods, e.g. The recognition noted Springfield's numerous parks, the purity of its drinking water, its regional recycling center, and organizations like ReStore Home Improvement Center, which salvages building materials. [16] The settlement was originally called Newtown, but it was changed to Hartford in 1637 in honor of Stone's hometown of Hertford, England. The Hartford region is also served by several magazines. [45] Starting in the late 1950s, the suburbs ringing Hartford began to grow and flourish and the capital city began a long decline. Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. [118] The construction of MGM Springfield, which opened in 2018, fueled a number of projects in the years leading up to and after its opening, with an estimated $3 billion of new development and infrastructure spending materializing.[119]. Spectra Boutique Apartments – The former 300 room Sonesta Hotel at 5 Constitution Plaza was converted into 190 luxury rental apartments in 2015 by New York City Developers Girona Ventures and Wonder Works Construction & Development Corp. [141], Hartford formerly had a National League baseball team, the Hartford Dark Blues, in the 1870s, and had an NFL team, the Hartford Blues, for three seasons in the 1920s. [74] The South End features "Little Italy" and was the home of Hartford's sizeable Italian community. 43.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino, chiefly of Puerto Rican origin, up from 32% in 1990. All Megabus arrivals and departures are at the corner of Columbus Boulevard and Talcott Street on the opposite side of downtown. Just three years after Colt's first factory opened, the Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company set up shop in 1852 at a nearby site along the now-buried Park River, located in the present-day neighborhood of Frog Hollow. [18], The original settlement area contained the site of the Charter Oak, an old white oak tree in which colonists hid Connecticut's Royal Charter of 1662 to protect it from confiscation by an English governor-general. The Hartford technology innovation hub will focus on three key sectors- insurance, healthcare and manufacturing. It occurred at a matinee performance of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus on Barbour Street in the city's north end and became known tragically as the Hartford Circus Fire. A weekly newspaper, owned by the same company that owns the Courant, the Hartford Advocate, also serves Hartford and the surrounding area, as do the Hartford Business Journal ("Greater Hartford's Business Weekly") and the weekly Hartford News.[103]. [94], Hartford is also the historic international center of the insurance industry, with companies like Aetna, Conning & Company, The Hartford, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, The Phoenix Companies, and Hartford Steam Boiler based in the city, and companies such as Prudential Financial, Lincoln National Corporation, Travelers, United Healthcare and Axa XL[95] having major operations in the city. Business and Professions Code - BPC Civil Code - CIV Code of Civil Procedure - CCP [67], Today Springfield's top five industries (in order, by number of workers) are: Education and Health Services; Trade and Transportation; Manufacturing; Tourism and Hospitality; and Professional & Business Services. For its next four years, the new firm occupied one of Weed's buildings, milling thousands of screws daily on over 50 machines. Hartford–Springfield has become home to a number of biotech firms and high-speed computing centers. Retrieved 3/13/2015", "Hartford Springfield Economic Partnership gets $4.2 million to boost Knowledge Corridor", "Lessons from Thomas Hooker about the frailty of humanity and the importance of a worldview", "The Charter Oak Fell – Today in History: August 21", "Hartford Convention | United States history", "God in America – People – Lyman Beecher", "Harriet B. Stowe – Ohio History Central", "Education & Resources – National Women's History Museum – NWHM", "Hartford Wide-Awakes – Today in History: July 26", "Coltsville, USA: Inside America's Gun-Funded Utopia", "Church of the Good Shepherd and Parish House", "Invention hot spot: Beginnings of mass production in 19th-century Hartford, Connecticut", "116-Year-Old Company Thrives on Innovation", "Record-Breaking Flood at Hartford, Conn", "Hartford Circus Fire: "The Tent's on Fire!" She is the only woman to receive an unshared Nobel Prize in the Medicine category. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. Said ordinance also prohibits police from detaining individuals based solely on their immigration status, or inquiring as to their immigration status. [75] South Green hosts Hartford Hospital. Hartford saw extensive damage from the 1938 New England Hurricane, as well as with Hurricane Irene in 2011. The current mayor is Luke Bronin. (Route 44) runs westward through the northern part of West Hartford to the Farmington Valley and the hills of northern Litchfield County and into New York, and eastward towards Putnam and into Rhode Island. [261][262][263][264] More recently, Dominick Dunne (1925–2009), John Gregory Dunne (1932–2003), and Suzanne Collins (born 1962) have resided in Hartford.[265][266][267]. The following companies maintain their headquarters in Springfield: With a history spanning nearly four centuries, Springfield has been home to a number of legacy companies that were household names, including: Within two miles (3 km) of Springfield are New England's largest and most popular amusement park, Six Flags New England, and its largest and most popular fair, The Big E. Six Flags New England, located across Springfield's South End Bridge in Agawam features Superman the Ride, a roller coaster that has ranked first or second every year since 2001 in the annual Golden Ticket Awards publication by Amusement Today. The highest officially recorded temperature is 103 °F (39 °C) on July 22, 2011 and the lowest is −26 °F (−32 °C) on January 22, 1961; the record cold daily maximum is −2 °F (−19 °C) on December 2, 1917, while, conversely, the record warm daily minimum is 80 °F (27 °C) on July 31, 1917. Springfield is home to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts' largest Fortune 100 company, MassMutual Financial Group. police, fire, public works, parks, public health, housing, economic development, and the Springfield Public School System, New England's 2nd largest public school system.[115]. Springfield became a city on May 25, 1852, by decree of the Massachusetts Legislature, after a decade-long internal dispute that resulted in the partition of Chicopee from Springfield, and thus the loss of two fifths of the city's population. [17] Today the city is the largest in western New England, and the urban, economic, and media capital of Massachusetts' section of the Connecticut River Valley, colloquially known as the Pioneer Valley. The Reverend Lyman Beecher was an important Congregational minister known for his anti-slavery sermons. [110] Other notable institutions include Capital Community College (located Downtown in the old G. Fox Department Store building on Main Street), the University of Connecticut's Hartford campus (downtown in the old Hartford Times Building on Prospect Street), the University of Connecticut School of Business (also Downtown), the Hartford Seminary (in the West End), the University of Connecticut School of Law (also in the West End) and Rensselaer at Hartford (a Downtown branch campus of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute). Intercity bus service is provided by Peter Pan Bus Lines and Greyhound Lines, both of which operate from Union Station. In 1641 it was renamed after Pynchon's hometown of Springfield, Essex, England, following incidents, including trade disputes as well as Captain John Mason's hostilities toward native tribes, which precipitated the settlement's joining the Massachusetts Bay Colony. As of 2009 Springfield ranks as the 24th most important high-tech center in the United States with approximately 14,000 high-tech jobs.[70]. [142] Springfield has Massachusetts' 2nd largest library circulation, behind Boston. Hartford has voted for every Democratic presidential candidate since Al Smith in 1928. The per capita income was $16,863. [15] Puritan pastors Thomas Hooker and Samuel Stone, along with Governor John Haynes, led 100 settlers with 130 head of cattle in a trek from Newtown in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (now Cambridge) and started their settlement just north of the Dutch fort. They built a substantial factory in which the company manufactured a wide range of machine tools, including tools for the makers of sewing machines, and gun-making machinery for use by the Union Army during the American Civil War. These included the Podunks, mostly east of the Connecticut River; the Poquonocks north and west of Hartford; the Massacoes in the Simsbury area; the Tunxis tribe in West Hartford and Farmington; the Wangunks to the south; and the Saukiog in Hartford itself. [15] Springfield sits on the eastern bank of the Connecticut River near its confluence with three rivers: the western Westfield River, the eastern Chicopee River, and the eastern Mill River. In 2011, Springfield Union Station started a $70 million renovation to become an intermodal transportation facility, allowing Peter Pan Bus, Greyhound Bus, and the PVTA to occupy a modern space next to the renovated Union Station. [117] While Springfield has achieved balanced budgets since 2009, the city has not enlarged its tax base, and thus many of its public works projects—which have been in the pipeline for years, some even decades—remain unfinished (e.g., repairs to Springfield's landmark Campanile). Hartford is the capital city of the U.S. state of Connecticut.It was the seat of Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960. [149], Hartford experiences heavy traffic as a result of its substantial suburban population (nearly 10 times that of the actual city). The Pratt & Whitney Company was founded in Hartford in 1860 by Francis A. Pratt and Amos Whitney. Volleyball was invented in the adjacent city of Holyoke, and the first exhibition match was held in 1896 at the International YMCA Training School, now known as Springfield College. The project received funding from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the Federal Government, and the State of Connecticut. [115], Hartford is governed via the strong-mayor form of the mayor-council system. The arena has played host to artists such as Marilyn Manson, Alice Cooper, Nirvana, David Bowie, David Lee Roth, Poison, Pearl Jam, and Bob Dylan. [69][needs update], With 25 universities and colleges within a 15-mile (24 km) radius from Springfield, including several of America's most prestigious universities and liberal arts colleges, and more than six institutions within the city itself, the Hartford–Springfield metropolitan area has been dubbed the Knowledge Corridor by regional educators, civic authorities, and businessmen—touting its 32 universities and liberal arts colleges, numerous highly regarded hospitals, and nearly 120,000 students. [190] In 2018, the Connecticut State Assembly voted to transfer ownership of the Regional Market to the Capital Region Development Authority, leaving its future somewhat uncertain. Within 15 miles (24 km) of Springfield are many private prep schools, which can serve as day schools for Springfield students; they include the Williston Northampton School in Easthampton, Massachusetts; Wilbraham & Monson Academy in Wilbraham, Massachusetts; and Suffield Academy in Suffield, Connecticut. This home-rule petition was adopted by the City Council 8–1, and was later passed by the State Senate and House and signed by the Governor. "[183], Hartford earned praise from Food and Wine as "a foodie destination". Combined statistical areas (CSAs) as defined by the US Census. She steered the company until 1901 with her brother Richard Jarvis as president, becoming one of the most prominent female industrialists in America. contains some random words for machine learning natural language processing This includes two college consortia, the Five Colleges, and the Cooperating Colleges of Greater Springfield, whose member institutions often collaborate in greater outreach programs. Non-sectarian elementary schools within the City of Springfield include the Pioneer Valley Montessori School in Springfield's Sixteen Acres neighborhood and Orchard Children's Corner in suburban Indian Orchard, a Pre-Kindergarten, among others. [25] The near-capture of the armory during Shays' Rebellion of 1787 led directly to the formation of the U.S. Neighborhoods of Springfield, Massachusetts. [citation needed] Only Flint, Michigan, Gary, Indiana, St. Louis, Missouri, and Baltimore, Maryland experienced larger population losses during the decade. [108], Additionally, several television, including Connecticut Public Television, which is headquartered in Hartford. The Springfield City Council, consisting of thirteen members, is the city's legislative branch. [160] "CTrail" branded trains provide service along the corridor, and riders can use Hartford Line tickets to travel on board most Amtrak trains along the corridor at the same prices. The daughter of U.S. President Joe Biden and First Lady Jill Biden, she served as the executive director of the Delaware Center for Justice from 2014 to 2019. [180] The first half of the 20th century brought significant Polish immigration and a number of Polish restaurants, some of which still operate today. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. It influenced a generation of American baking with a recipe for leavening bread with pearl ash. The plan faces stiff opposition from parents and minority groups who claim that the schools are still unequal. In 1968, following the Pentagon's controversial closing of the Springfield Armory, Springfielders founded Springfield Technical Community College on 35 acres (14.2 ha) behind the Springfield Armory National Park. One of the technical high schools in the Connecticut Technical High School System, A.I. Many of the city's Victorian buildings including former hotels, factories, and other institutions have been converted into apartment buildings and luxury condominiums. [155], The Springfield Water and Sewer Commission (created in its current form in 1996) owns several reservoirs and aqueducts, as well as hydropower and sewage treatment stations. [168], In March 2015, CTfastrak, Connecticut's first bus rapid transit system, opened, providing a separated right-of-way between Hartford and New Britain. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. The Sharps Rifle Company failed in 1870, and the Weed Sewing Machine Company took over its factory. Each Thursday during the summer, a free concert is held at Stearns Square to coincide with Bike Night, a happening that in general attracts thousands of motorcyclists to the Quarter and thousands more spectators to hear live music. [184][185] Food trucks are restricted to designated areas in the city, mostly along Bushnell Park in Downtown Hartford and at farmers' markets. The MassMutual Center during a basketball game in 2013; Places adjacent to Springfield, Massachusetts, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties. The Hartford Fire Department provides fire protection and first responder emergency medical services to the city of Hartford, operating out of 12 fire stations located throughout the city. [150] It is also the primary airport for Hartford. The Weed Company played a major role in making Hartford one of three machine tool centers in New England and even outranked the Colt Armory in nearby Coltsville in size. The per capita income for the city was $13,428.[86]. passed a new neighborhood school program to improve schools and reduce the growing busing costs associated with the current plan. Occasional ( but brief ) thundershowers up by waves of English settlers in USDA Hardiness zone 6a a of... Memorial Bridge in West Springfield July 1, 2007, city residents voted overwhelmingly in favor changing! 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