There are two Zoroastrian communities in Maharashtra. The Muslim population in the state is heterogeneous.The majority is Sunni with the rest being mainly followers of the Shia sect (Shi'ism). Ceremonies, rituals, and festivals of Marathi Hindus, sfn error: no target: CITEREFGovernment_of_Maharashtra1962 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFGhosal2004 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMookerji1989 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFBahuguna2004 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSrinivasa-Raghavan2009 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFThe_Economist2010 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFZelliotBerntsen1988 (. Hindu Population Growth rate slowed down to 16.76 % from previous decade figure of 19.92% while Muslim witness sharp fall in growth rate to 24.60% (2001-2011) from the previous figure of 29.52 % (1991-2001). According to the 2011 census, Hinduism was the principal religion in the state at 79.83% of the total population, while Muslims constituted 11.54% of the total population.  The Khandoba of Jejuri is an example of a Kuladaivat of some families; he is a common Kuladaivat to several castes ranging from Brahmins to Dalits. With a population density of over 277,136/km 2 (717,780/sq mi), Dharavi is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. Mumbai is also home to the largest population of Parsi Zoroastrians in the world,  numbering about 60,000 though with a sharply declining population. Out of total population, 0 of population lives in Urban area and 100% lives in Rural area. The child's naming ceremony may happen many weeks or even months later, and it is called the barsa. Current Population of Mumbai (Mumbai Metropolitan Region) is estimated to be 24,176,694 (24.1) people. Many Christians from Israel and other migrants from around the world complete the Christian population in Mumbai. Hinduism continued to be the largest religion in … Population composition in Mumbai. Parsis migrated to India from Greater Iran following the Muslim conquest of Persia in the seventh century. In some traditional families, food is first offered to the preferred deity in the household shrine, as naivedya, before being consumed by family members and guests. 79.8% of the population of Maharashtra are Hindus, Christian adherents being 1.0% of the population. Demographics in Mumbai District - Population, Age Group Population, Religion, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe, Others, Projected Total Population, Projected Rural and Urban Population, Town and Village-wise Total Population in Mumbai District 6,531,200 people are followers of Buddhism in Maharashtra as per 2011 census. Jains, Christians and Sikhs constituted 1.2%, 1.0%, 0.2% of the population respectively.. Invoking the name of the family's gotra and the kula daivat are important aspects of these ceremonies for many communities. The faiths are deep and they follow the principles of the Vedas and the Upanishads.  This is also an important ritual and is called Jawal. Located on the banks of the River Godavari, it is where the 10th Guru, Gobind Singh died. Marathi Hindus also revere Bhakti saints associated with varkari sects such as Dnyaneshwar, Savata Mali, Tukaram, Namdev, Janabaii and Chokhamela. They are mostly concentrated in the urban cities in Western Maharashtra. Marathi Hindu people dispose their dead by cremation. The estimated male and female populations are 610,060 and 510,487, respectively. The total area of Mumbai is 157 sq.km with population density of 19652 per sq.km. POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH OF MUMBAI: The population density of the city of Mumbai is 20,482 persons per square kilometer. Mumbai city comes under Mumbai Metropolitan area. The shrine of Kanifnath is visited by both Hindus and Muslims. The religions represented in Mumbai include Hindus (68% of the population), Muslims (17% of the population), and Christians and Buddhist (4% each). Dadar Parsi Colony is one of 25 colonies in Mumbai that officials designed solely for Parsis, an ethnoreligious group of Persian descendants in India who follow the Zoroastrian religion. Along with Hindu and Buddhist caves, there are a number of Jain caves at the ancient cave complex of Ellora. Like all Mumbaikars, Muslims too are very passionate about their festivals. Its just what I have seen. Cremation is performed according to vedic rites, usually within a day of the individual's death. Muslims are minority in Thane state forming 12.26% of total population. India Urban Population Currently, 34.5 % of the population of India is urban (471,828,295 people in 2019) Dharavi is a locality in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, considered to be one of Asia's largest slums. Hinduism is the most common religion in India, accounting for about 80% of the population. Population Growth rate of various religion has come down in the last decade (2001-2011). As per official census 2011 and population data 2021 of Thane district, Hindu are majority in Thane state. Christian Population in Maharashtra is 10.80 Lakhs (0.96 percent) of total 11.24 Crore. When the child is 11 months old, they get their first hair-cut. The estimated male and female populations are 6,715,931 and 5,726,442, respectively. Religion wise Mumbai Population. There are also Goan, Mangalorean, Keralite and Tamilian Christians in the urban pockets of Mumbai and Pune. Hindus comprise 68% of the population, Muslim 17%, Christian 4% and Buddhist 4%. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 … Mumbai’s population is a multicolored one, comparing of many religions. Ambernath, Badalapur, Greater Mumbai, Kalyan and Dombivali, Mira and Bhayander, Navi Mumbai, Thane, and Ulhasnagar. Jains are a major group in Maharashtra. Islam is the second largest religion in the state, with 12,967,840 adherents comprising 11.54% of the population, per estimates. Buddhism accounted for 5.8% in Maharashtra's total population, with 6,531,200 followers, which is 77.36% of all Buddhists in India. Nanded, the second largest city in the Marathwada region (after Aurangabad), is an important holy place for the Sikh faith and is famous for the Hazur Sahib Gurudwara.  Similarly, Nagpur, the second capital of Maharashtra, has population that is 11% Muslim. Maharashtra has shrines dedicated to saints and holy men all over the state that are revered by both Hindus and Muslims. Śrāddha becomes an annual ritual in which all forefathers of the family who have passed on are remembered. In modern times, Sai Baba of Shirdi has been embodied this syncretic tradition.. In the Maratha community, the maternal uncle is given the honour of the first snip during the ceremony.. Other major religious groups in India are Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhists (0.8%) and Jains (0.4%). Many religious figures from 19th and 20th century are revered.They include Swami Samarth, Gajanan Maharaj, Sai baba of Shirdi, Tukdoji Maharaj, and Gadge Maharaj. The native language of the Bene Israel is Marathi. The varkari tradition holds a strong grip on the local Hindus of Maharashtra. According to me if you see overall muslim population is less than the Hindu population. In Brahman, CKP and Gaud Saraswat Brahman communities when a male child reaches his eighth birthday, he undergoes the initiation thread ceremony variously known as Munja Vratabandha, or Upanayanam. There is a significant Sikh population in Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Nashik and Aurangabad. List of all Talukas in Mumbai District of Maharashtra. Intra-marriage within gotras (Sagotra Vivaha) was uncommon until recently, being discouraged as it was likened to incest. During the naming ceremony, the child's paternal aunt has the honor of naming the infant. Islam is second most popular religion in city of Mumbai with approximately 20.65 % following it. Hinduism is majority religion in Mumbai city with 65.99 % followers.  96 kuli marathas generally conduct the Upanayanam ceremony before marriage. The state has numerous recently built temples by groups such as the Swaminarayan sect, ISKON, and South Indian communities. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects.These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Mumbai, which typically includes Mumbai… It is based on the belief that spirits come back on the earth to live life in different forms based on their deed (karma). Buddhism accounts 5.81% in Maharashtra's total population. Meals or snacks are not taken before this religious offering. Gadgil, D.R., 1952. I am living in Mumbai since 22 years, born and brought up here. In 2010, approximately 2.5% of the country’s population was Christian, including members of Scheduled Castes (historically referred to as Untouchables or Dalits) who sometimes identify as Hindu when completing official forms. The population in the state is highly urbanised, and spread across different regions.The urban character of the community in Maharashtra can be seen from the fact that Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra, is approximately 18.8% Muslim per the Census. They classify themselves as gotras, named after the ancestor rishi. Total population of Thane district is 11,060,148 as per census 2011. Since the cultural diversity is immense, religious conviction and secularism go hand in hand. Like most other Hindu communities, the Marathi people have a household shrine called a devaghar with idols, symbols, and pictures of various deities for daily worship. The Mangalsutra is the symbol of marriage for the woman. Mumbai City District population constituted 2.75 percent of total Maharashtra population. There was change of -7.57 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. Satyanarayana Puja is a ceremony performed before commencing any new endeavour or for no particular reason. At birth, a child is initiated into the family ritually. The ancient religion Judaism of the Jewish people is one based on the Old Testament of the Bible and the Talmud or Book of Laws and Traditions.  The practice of worshiping local or territorial deities as Kuladaivats began in the period of the Yadava dynasty. In all the city has 13 major Gurudwaras with historic significance.  Hindu marriages, take place by negotiation. Hinduism constitutes 78.81% of Thane population. Many Marathi people trace their paternal ancestors to one of the seven or eight sages, the saptarshi. Around 0.40 % stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.26 % stated 'No Particular Religion'. Mumbai is a medley of religions and cultures. Hazūr Sāhib ("presence of the master"), also spelled Hazoor Sahib, is one of the five takhts (seats of temporal authority) in Sikhism.  Major cities in the state such as Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Nashik and Aurangabad have significant Sikh populations. The Gurudwara within the complex is known Sach-Khand, "Realm of Truth". Hindus form 79.83% of the state's total population as per 2011 census and Hinduism plays an important role in the lives of the Maharashtrian people in their day-to-day life. Most of the Christians are Catholics and Protestants. Mumbai, city, capital of Maharashtra state, southwestern India. Dharavi has an area of just over 2.1 square kilometres (0.81 sq mi; 520 acres) and a population of about 1,000,000. Islam is the second largest religion in the state, with 12,967,840 adherents comprising 11.54% of the population, per estimates. For a city of its size, Mumbai has a moderate crime rate. Christianity is a minority religion in Maharashtra, a state of India. The total population of Mumbai, according to the provisional reports of census India in 2011, is 12,442,373. The remainder are Parsis, Jains, Sikhs, Jews and atheists . The Muslim population in the state is heterogeneous.The majority is Sunni with the rest being mainly followers of the Shia sect (Shi'ism). Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world. Religion in Maharashtra is characterized by the diversity of religious beliefs and practices. :1–27 This deity is common to a lineage or a clan of several families who are connected to each other through a common ancestor. Mumbai is a metropolitan city in the State of Maharashtra in India. Maharashtra possesses six of the world's major religions; namely Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity, and Sikhism. , Elements of a traditional Marathi Hindu wedding ceremony include seemant poojan on the wedding eve. In 2011 there were total 674339 families residing in Mumbai district. The Hindu festivals are celebrat… The remaining are followers of Parsi, Jain, Sikh and Jewish religions and atheist ideology. United Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, "Population by religious community - 2011", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Total population by religious communities", "Aurangabad District Religion Data - Census 2011", "Dalits Are Still Converting to Buddhism, but at a Dwindling Rate", "Gazetteers Of The Bombay Presidency – Ahmadnagar", "Where we belong: The fight of Parsi women in interfaith marriages", "Parsi population dips by 22 per cent between 2001-2011: study", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Maharashtra&oldid=993895032, Religion in India by state or union territory, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In the early 19th century some people converted to Christianity during famine in, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 01:52. Buddhism is the third largest religion in the state. The Municipal corporation is responsible for the governance of the state. who migrated in the late 17th century to the nearby cities, primarily Mumbai, but also to Pune, and Ahmedabad. As per the Census 2011, the total Hindu population in Navi Mumbaiis 900,753which is 80.39% of the total population.Also the total Muslim population in Navi Mumbai is 97,214 which is8.68% of the total population. This is a 13-day ritual with the pinda being offered to the dead soul on the 11th and a Śrāddha ceremony followed by a funeral feast on the 13th. Most Marathi families have their own family patron or protective deity or the Kuladaivat. Studies show that most Indians' traditional views on caste, religion, and family background have remained unchanged when it came to marriage, that is, people marry within their own castes, and matrimonial advertisements in newspapers are still classified by caste and sub-caste.  The ashes are gathered in an earthen pitcher and immersed in a river on the third day after death. Christians account for 1,080,073 or 0.96% of Maharashtra's population. Mumbai district of Maharashtra has total population of 3085411 as per the Census 2011. The main life ceremonies in Hindu culture include those related to birth, weddings, initiation ceremonies, as well as death rituals. According to 2011 census, Hinduism is the major religion in Mumbai with 66%, followed by Islam with 20.7%, Buddhists with … Other ceremonies for different occasions in Hindu life include Vastushanti and "Satyanarayan" which is performed before a family formally establishes residence in a new house. Hindu Marathi people celebrate several festivals during the year.These include Gudi Padwa, Ram Navami, Hanuman Jayanti, Narali Pournima, Mangala Gaur, Navaratri, Janmashtami, Ganeshotsav, Kojagiri, Diwali, Khandoba Festival (Champa Shashthi), Makar Sankranti, Shivaratri, Holi, RakshaBandhan and Shiv Jayanti. It is the country’s financial and commercial centre and its principal port on the Arabian Sea. Buddhism accounted for 6% in Maharashtra's total population, with 6.53 million followers, which is 77% of all Buddhists in India. There are 7.13% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 0.81% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Mumbai district. Poona: Socio-economic survey. For a city of its size, Mumbai has a moderate crime rate. Maharashtra account for 77.36% of all Buddhists in India. Out of which 1684608 are males while 1400803 are females. Ritual reading of religious texts known as pothi is also popular in some communities. Maharashtra has the India's largest Buddhist and Jain populations. India also has a number of smaller religious minorities. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Mumbai District as per Census 2011  Other religions observed in Maharashtra include Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity and Sikhism. Christians. There are more males than females living in Maharashtra, with 925 females for every 1,000 males – lower than the national average. Projections suggest that by the end of the century, there will be just 9,000 left. Ganesh, Vitthal, other incarnations of Vishnu such as Ramchandra and Krishna, Maruti, Dattatreya, and Shiva Family deities such as Shankar and Parvati are deities popular with Hindus of Maharashtra.  Other family deities of the people of Maharashtra are Bhavani of Tuljapur, Mahalaxmi of Kolhapur, Mahalaxmi of Amravati, Renuka of Mahur, Parashuram in Konkan, Saptashringi on Saptashringa hill at Vani in Nasik district, and Balaji. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. The population in the state is highly urbanised, and spread across different regions.The urban character of the community in Maharashtra can be seen from the fact that Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra, is approximately 18.8% Muslim per the Cens… Muslim Population in Maharashtra is 1.30 Crore (11.54 percent) of total 11.24 Crore. Below is religion-wise populationof Navi Mumbai as per Census 2011. Mumbai's 2020 population is now estimated at 20,411,274.In 1950, the population of Mumbai was 3,088,811.Mumbai has grown by 226,210 since 2015, which represents a 1.12% annual change. Also known as the ‘Sanatan Dharma’, the majority of the Indian people practices Hinduism. Religion in the city as per 2011 comprises of Hindus (66%), Muslims (22%), Jains (4%), Buddhists (5%), Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1 %) and Parsi’s making up the total population in Mumbai. The Municipal corporation is responsible for the governance of the state.  Rulers of Maharashtra from the 1st millennium CE such as Rashtrakuta and the Chalukya were followers of Jain religion. Hinduism is majority religion in Mumbai city with 65.99 % followers. Maharashtra has significant Hindu populations with origins in other states and regions of India, which adds to the diversity of temples and traditions in the state. The call to prayer from mosques can be heard throughout the city, and elaborate Hindu temples dot the … Part II. In all Hindu form majority religion in 35 out of 35 districts of Maharashtra state. Religious group Population % 1951 Population % 1961 Population % 1971 Population % 1981 Population % 1991 Population % 2001 Population % 2011; Hinduism 84.1%: 83.45%: 82.73%: 82.30%: 81.53%: 80.46%: 79.80% Islam 9.8%: 10.69%: 11.21%: 11.75%: 12.61%: 13.43%: 14.23% Christianity 2.30%: 2.44%: 2.60%: 2.44%: 2.32%: 2.34%: 2.30% Sikhism 1.79%: 1.79%: 1.89%: 1.92%: 1.94%: 1.87%: 1.72% … The total population of Navi Mumbai, according to the provisional reports of census India in 2011, is 1,120,547. In Mumbai city, Christinity is followed by 3.27 %, Jainism by 4.10 %, Sikhism by 0.49 % and Buddhism by 0.49 %. Population density in the city is considered to be one of the highest in the world. Islam is the second-largest religion at 13% of the population. The Naunaths of Hindus have counterparts among Muslims too.  Prior to these waves of emigrations and to this day, the Bene Israel formed the largest sector of the subcontinent's Jewish population. Modern urban wedding ceremonies conclude with an evening reception. People who claimed no religion are officially recorded under 'other' by the census. Before the Indian Independence this community numbered at least 80,000. In present times, the naivedya is offered by families only on days of special religious significance. There are two different Christian ethnic communities in Maharashtra: one is East Indians who are predominantly Roman Catholic and another is Marathi Christians, predominantly Protestantwith a small Roman Catholic population. In Aurangabad City, Muslims form 30.79% of the population, while in the northern city of Malegaon, Muslims are 79% of the population. After weddings and after thread ceremonies, many Maratha and Deshastha Brahmin families arrange a traditional religious singing performance by a Gondali group . The primary religion in the state is Hinduism, which is practiced by 79.8% of the population. 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