There are other gemstones that appear in the Bible, but these references are certainly the most prominent of them. See Sapphire, ONYX Conversely the term chrysolite in the Greek is actually the Topaz of today. Later these mines became known as Cleopatra’s Mines, who was quite fond of emeralds and was reported to wear them to enhance her beauty. It is also of an azure color...the best kind being that which comes from Media. While sapphire, diamond and emerald gems weighing hundreds of carats exist, high quality rubies of even 20 carats are rare. Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD) who was a historian at the time the Book of Revelation was written, describes the beryl (berullos) of that day, “The lapidaries cut all beryls of a hexagonal form because the color...is heightened by reflections resulting from the angles. Download Full PDF Package. This stone has been found in abundance in archaeological digs of ancient civilizations, including King Tut’s tomb which held many beautiful specimens of lapis jewelry dating to 1350 BC. Being as the version in the paragraph above is older, it is probably the more accurate of the two. Once again, the number 12 was important’the breastplate contained twelve jewels, and each was inscribed with the name of one of the Israelite tribes. Gems and precious stones from the Bible to the Liber Pontificalis. The difficulty has been in knowing the exact identity of the stones named. The Bible makes numerous references to jewels and precious stones. Your email address will not be published. This is where we get the word electricity. A necklace which included chrysoprase beads was found on a mummy dating back to 1500 BC. They were named clearly in the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible, but by the time that translation was created, the breastplate was no longer in use. The most tantalizing stone in countless colors, agate is mentioned five times in the bible. All other colors of corundum are called sapphire. Even Julius Caesar, the Roman general, became an avid collector of engraved sardonyx. Chrysophrase is listed as the 10th stone in the foundation of the New Jerusalem. Named for the peak of the Himalayas, K2 Stone is similarly keen to help you climb to new heights. It has been found in the palaces and tombs of kings. Aquamarine was the most available variety of beryl during Bible times, while the emerald (also a beryl) was more rare. Gemstone Meanings in the 12 heavenly stones. Onyx has been very popular through the ages as the stone used for engraving cameos. There are several places in the Old Testament where ruby is the term used in the translation of various stones. Turquoise is not mentioned in the KJV of the Bible, but it can be found in references in some of the newer translations. Large amounts of agate have been found in archaeological digs of Sumer, dating back to 3500 BC. Gems and precious stones from the Bible to the Liber Pontificalis. Gemstone Meanings in the Bible The shattered Image The modern scientific approach to earthly things is not sympathetic to the traditional view. topazion) was a stone found and mined on the island of Topazios (today called St. John’s Island off the coast of Egypt). The Revell Bible Dictionary says, "While the root meaning remains uncertain, all scholars agree that the image, used to describe the visible glory of God, conveys the sense of brilliance." Since crystal stones store energy inside their molecules, some people use them as tools to better connect with spiritual energy (such as angels) while praying. A short summary of this paper. Bible verses about Stones. shop . The word “garnet” comes from the Latin “granatum” (the pomegranate) having to do with the red color of the stone. Rev 4:3, 21:11,18,19, Gen 2:12, Ex 28:20, Job 28:16, Ezek 28:13, Ex 28:17, 39:10; Prov 8:11, 31:10, Job 28:18, Ezek 28:13, Ex 24:10; 28:18; 39:11; Job 28:6,16; Song 5:14; Isa 54:11; Ezek 1:26; 10:1; 28:13, Rev 21:20, Ex 28:19, 39:12, Ezek 28:13, Job 28:19, The sapphire gets it’s blue color from small amounts of iron and titanium and ranges from a pale, ice blue to deep cobalt blue. READ PAPER. The carving of cameos came into great popularity with Alexander the Great. The word sardonyx comes from the Greek sardonux, and has remained relatively unchanged for centuries. Nacre is the smooth lining material that these mollusks produce that covers the insides of their shells. In no case, however, is this stone transparent." According to Pliny (AD 23-69), the topaz (Gr. It is one… The gemstone which was mined on this island was actually the peridot (chrysolite) of today. This article in our series will discuss the gemstones God will use to construct the walls of New Jerusalem and their relationship to the twelve apostles.This gleaming city, "prepared as a bride adorned for her husband" (Revelation 21:2, HBFV), will be created and brought from heaven to a new earth only after all evil has been purged from the entire universe (see Revelation 20). Ex 28:19, 39:12, Ezek 28:13, Rev 21:20, Beryl (Gr. And he brought forth … The most esteemed beryls are those which in color resemble the pure green of the sea.” This would seem to indicate the aquamarine as being the beryl of choice in that time. The color can vary in intensity from a pale, almost pinkish (mauve) color to a dark purplish violet. The term aquamarine is not used by any of the Bible translators, but many scholars believe that the aquamarine was the type of beryl (Gr berullos) of the eighth stone of the New Jerusalem (Rev 21:20). Stones and rocks are the skeleton of the solid part of the earth on which the flesh of earth is laid. red jasper, carnelian, garnet). The Greek word for crystal is krustallos or “ice” because they believed that it was formed from water exposed to extreme cold. The green color comes from nickle. Jasper is an opaque variety of chalcedony (quartz). It occurs in many colors, including deep golden-orange, yellow, brownish-yellow, pink, red, and various shades of blue. They also have the distinction throughout history of often being mistaken for rubies. Lapis lazuli is given a particular place of honor among Biblical gemstones, and is perhaps among the most holy of all of them. Browse through our list of precious, semi-precious, and lab-created stones and learn about their value for jewelry. Great quantities of quality sardonyx came from India during this time. Some gemstones were mined in Israel, but the Hebrew people also obtained gemstones from the Middle East and Asia. The word emerald comes from the Greek word smaragdos by way of the French word for emerald esmeralde and simply means “green gemstone.” The emerald (Gr. It’s color, which ranges from yellow-green to a deep bottle green comes from the presence of iron. Precious stones. A necklace more than 10 feet long and containing 670 orange-red carnelian beads was found in the tomb of a queen dating 1000 BC. See Lapis lazuli and Jacinth. It ranges in color from golden yellow to orange-brown. Topaz comes from the Greek word topazion, named for the island, Topazios, located in the Red Sea off the coast of Egypt. Our modern term sapphire comes from the Greek sapphiros which is from the Hebrew sapir (or capir). Bible Gems & Minerals. Odem here could have been any one of several red stones known to the ancient Hebrews; the garnet or red jasper, as well as the sardius (carnelian). Agates were highly prized among ancient civilizations. Joshua 4:2-9 ESV / 50 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful “Take twelve men from the people, from each tribe a man, and command them, saying, ‘Take twelve stones from here out of the midst of the Jordan, from the very place where the priests' feet stood firmly, and bring them over with you and lay them down in the place where you lodge tonight.’” PERIDOT (CHRYSOLITE) It is a direct reminder of the throne of God and the Ten Commandments. It is thought that the color of the stone comes from small amounts of iron in the quartz. Diamonds and pearls, sapphires and rubies all featured in the Bible. The Breastplate was folded double to form an inside pocket. In the KJV, amber is mentioned three times by Ezekiel (Ezek 1:4, 27; 8:2). Pearls were considered among the most precious stones in the ancient world. Carnelian has been frequently discovered in excavations of the ancient tombs of royalty. So the term topaz of Bible times was actually the peridot (or chrysolite) of today. The term sapphire appears many times in the Bible (see references above), however, the stone we associate with sapphire today was not known in Bible lands until the Roman Empire (300 BC). Precious Gems of Scripture. Small, natural crystal was often used uncut as jewelry - either strung or placed in a setting. In Bible times, chalcedony was used extensively in the carving of seals, signet rings, beads, bowls, goblets, glasses, and other household objects. The priestly breastplate (Hebrew: חֹשֶׁן ẖošen) was a sacred breastplate worn by the High Priest of the Israelites, according to the Book of Exodus.In the biblical account, the breastplate is sometimes termed the breastplate of judgment, because the Urim and Thummim were placed within it. The priestly breastplate, sometimes known as the Breastplate of Aaron, contains another prominent mention of gemstones in the Bible. Diamonds are the most highly prized gemstones in the world, mostly due to their many qualities and few weaknesses. They are, in the 1st row, carnelian, chrysolite, and emerald; in the 2nd row, turquoise, sapphire, and amethyst; in the 3rd row, jacinth, agate, and crystal; in the 4th ro… Job 28:17, Isa 54:12, Rev 4:6; 21:11; 22:1. The Romans developed this craft of engraving into a fine art. The diamond has the highest melting point of any substance (3,820 degrees Kelvin), is an excellent heat conductor, and has very low reactivity to chemicals. Jasper is named as the 12th stone in Aaron’s breastpiece. Lapis Lazuli is a beautiful, rich ultramarine-blue stone consisting largely of lazurite and speckled with yellow pyrite. Josephus the Jewish historian indicates this stone was used for the shoulder pieces of the ephod. According to Postulate 2, they should be identical to the twelve breastplate stones, or at least be stones … In Revelation 21:19-20, John names twelve stones that adorn the foundation of the New Jerusalem. Sardonyx is the 5th foundation stone of the New Jerusalem. Besides the ordinary uses to which stones were applied, we may mention that large stones were set up to commemorate any remarkable event. In this chapter God is speaking through the prophet to the wicked prince of Tyrus, but from verse 12 the King of Tyrus, another person, is addressed.Of this person it is said, "Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. Layer upon layer of nacre is applied to the irritant, producing, over a period of 1 - 3 years (or more), one pearl. The breastplate with twelve stones with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel signifying Christ as the sanctification, transformation, and glorification of God’s people, and they point to God’s building (Exo. PRECIOUS STONES OF THE BIBLE . Lapis lazuli is given a particular place of honor among Biblical gemstones, Rock Tumbling: Free Beginner’s Guide to Tumbling Gemstones. Chalcedony is a cryptocrystalline (having crystals so small they cannot even be seen with a microscope) variety of quartz. There were distinguishing signs for each prince; each had a flag and a different color for every flag, corresponding to the precious stones on the breast of Aaron… Reuben’s stone was odem and the color of his flag was red; and embroidered thereon were mandrakes. The Greek word for onyx is onux literally “the nail of a finger” which implies the banding of color for which the stone is known. Kashmir, India was one of the earliest sources of fine sapphires. The Elder Pliny (23-79 AD) described amber's magnetic attraction, how that when rubbed it would become electrically charged and attract such things as straw, hair, dry leaves and feathers. Biblical Color Meaning in the Bible "When God appeared unto Noah after the flood, and placed a rainbow in the sky, He did much more than show him a phenomenon. In the Roman empire at the time of Christ pearls became quite the rage. Rev 4:3, 21:11,18,19. It grows in bush-like clumps of branches about a foot high and must be harvested while still living to preserve the color. Gem quality coral or precious coral is only found in a few places in the world, one being the warm waters of the Mediterranean Sea which produces some of the very finest. Your email address will not be published. 1. It is soft and therefore easily shaped and polished. Zechariah 9:16 says that the Lord’s people will be like jewels in a crown. Each of these gemstones was certainly accorded a great deal of meaning and significance by the Hebrews. Emeralds are the valuable and highly prized grassy-green variety of beryl. Ex 28:18; 39:11; Ezek 28:13. Each of the foundation stones was inscribed with a name of one of the 12 apostles. As more information surfaces thanks to archaeological findings and the writings of ancient historians such as Theophrastus (372-287 BC), Elder Pliny (23-79 AD), and Josephus (37-100 AD), we are able to come a bit closer to making some identifications sure. Jasper (iaspis) is mentioned in several places in Revelation, most noted being the 6th foundation stone of the New Jerusalem. Exodus 28:18 in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire, and a diamond; Exodus 28:20 and in the fourth row a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. In Exodus 28:15-21, the breastplate of Aaron is described in great detail. Sea-green Amazonite carries all sorts of positive meanings: Serenity, creativity, and brave self-expression. Under his feet was something like a pavement made of lapis lazuli, as bright blue as the sky. Please study the Word. List of Precious and Semi-Precious Gemstones by Name (A-Z) Learn about stones — their color, price, and more. Egyptian blue paint was made from finely ground lapis. They were all enclosed in settings of gold in their mountings." The ephod was like a vest, a part of the priestly garments used for fastening or binding, and it was holding the breastplate and the two onyx stones. Rev 21:19,20, Peridot is the modern name for chrysolite which is a lovely, transparent, gem from the mineral olivine. It is the 11th foundation stone in the New Jerusalem. The gates of the city themselves are described as pearls, the walls jasper. No topaz as we understand it today has been found there. It is one of the best talismans for artists and performers. There are many differences among scholars as to the identification of many of the stones of the Old Testament, but due to the widespread use of turquoise in those times it is very likely that one of those obscure terms refers to this beautiful gemstone. Ex 28:20, 39:13, Ezek 28:13, Rev 4:3, 21:18. In today’s market there are literally hundreds of gemstones to choose from. Rubies did not come into use until the Roman Empire around 300 BC. JASPER Rubies are the among the hardest of the gemstones with only the diamond being harder. Here is our guide to the most commonly used precious stones and semi-precious gemstones, crystals, and minerals and a list of their metaphysical symbolism, healing properties, powers, and spiritual meaning. Ex 24:10; 28:18; 39:11; Job 28:6,16; Song 5:14; Isa 54:11; Ezek 1:26; 10:1; 28:13, Rev 21:20. Michelle Beghelli. History. The modern word comes from the Greek chrusoprasos and literally translated is chrusos meaning “golden” and prason meaning “a leek” indicating the color of the stone. Colors range from white to dull yellow, red, brown, orange, blue, black and gray. And to those who study Biblical lore, these gemstones continue to hold great meaning and interest today. This precious coral has been harvested from the earliest times and prized by many civilizations. Print out our gorgeous illustrated gemstone meaning cards for personal use, or if you are a shop owner, print out our small description cards to include with purchase. Due to their color, garnets , have been closely associated with blood, as have other stones that are red. In these cases it is most likely that some other red stone is the true identification (i.e. Specimens that are called by the name chalcedony are generally milky white, light gray, blue and yellowish brown in color. Many of these gemstones are mentioned in ritualistic contexts. This stone is said to amplify one’s ability to endure difficult conditions in life. But you need the means to understand these stones as they behave in the present day, too. Interestingly, the gemstones listed as part of the priest's breastplate are similar to the 12 stones that the Bible describes in the Book of Revelation as comprising the 12 gates to the wall of the holy city that God will create at the end of the world, when God makes a "new heaven" and a "new earth." Amber is one of the oldest gemstones, having been found in archaeological digs of tombs dating to the Stone Age. It is a common interpretation of the text that the stone used for the Ten Commandments was actually cut from God’s throne by God himself. At the time of the Exodus Egypt was flooded with riches, and we know how the Israelites on leaving the land possessed themselves of many precious stones, according to the commandment of God (Exodus 3:22; 12:35-36). 28:19) and the twelfth stone listed in the foundation of the New Jerusalem (Rev. See Peridot (Chrysolite), TURQUOISE Zechariah 9:16 says that the Lord’s people will be like jewels in a crown. Here is our guide to the most commonly used precious stones and semi-precious gemstones, crystals, and minerals and a list of their metaphysical symbolism, healing properties, powers, and spiritual meaning. Actual sapphire did not appear in the lands in question until 300 BC. It can be frustrating to Bible scholars to deal with the complex ambiguities which emerge from attempts to translate the original text, but these are nonetheless some of the best guesses currently available. OVERVIEW OF THE PRECIOUS STONES mentioned in the Bible Ez 28:13-15 # Cherub STONE Ex 28:17-21 Breastplate Son of Man Rev 4:2-6 New Jerusalem Rev 21:19-20 1 Sardius (Ruby) Sardius (Ruby) Jasper Jasper 2 Topaz Topaz Sardius (Ruby) Sapphire 3 Diamond Emerald Emerald Chalcedony 4 Chrysolite Carbuncle Emerald 5 Onyx Sapphire Onyx 6 Jasper Diamond Chalcedony in gem form is general cut in cabochons, as it is not well suited for faceting. Ex 28:19, 39:10; Rev 4:3, 21:20. One of the reasons that there are two versions of the Foundation Stones, as discussed above, is because the Hebrew names for minerals are not entirely clear to scholars today. Exodus 28:30 states that the Urim and Thummin were kept in the pocket. It is the Hebrew word hashmal. Jacinth is a derivation of the word “hyacinth” which comes from the Greek huakinthos. This word apparently referred to lapis lazuli, not to sapphire as many assume. But Hannah declares, “There is no Rock like our God!” 1 Samuel 2:2. Bible Dictionary. See a list of semi-precious stones with pictures and the most popular stones. It clears self-doubt and inspires love of beauty. The Romans carved vases, bowls, and goblets from larger blocks of crystal. Note that the word ‘sapir’ is used in the original text. The twelve precious stones in the foundation of the New Jerusalem signify every aspect of the doctrines of the New Jerusalem, in their order, from the literal sense of the Word -- as understood by people who directly approach the Lord and live according to the commandments of the Ten Commandments by shunning evil as sins. Ezekeil 28:13 - Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. Egyptians mined crystal as early as 3500 BC. Carnelian is the modern word for the stone translated as sardius in the KJV. Agates are a form of chalcedony (a fine-grained variety of quartz) that are banded or lined in a variety of patterns of colored layers. KJV Dictionary Definition: stone stone. illustration set of precious stones of different cuts and colors. It is also sometimes known as the breastplate of judgment. K2 Stone. There are two categories of modified gemstones and organic substances: Gemstones Most Relevant Verses. Let us consider for a little the precious gems of Scripture, taking as our first reference Ezekiel 28:12-19. AMETHYST The Book of Ezekiel describes the measurements of the Temple and gates of New Jerusalem, constructed after the first city and Temple were burned down. At Energy Muse, our gemstones and crystals have healing properties that help to balance the body, mind, and spirit. They are generally not as large as some of the other gemstones. There is evidence that these mines were in operation as early as 1650 BC (the time that the Hebrew people would have been in Egypt). They were determined by examining all of the Scripture portions dealing with these items and deriving the overall meaning and common denominators from how they were repeatedly used. Though obviously there is no merit to this belief, it is a delightful picture of the redemptive work of Jesus (our Rock) and the scripture that says, “it is with our mouths that we confess and are saved,” escaping our just punishment. TOPAZ Amethyst is a variety of quartz that is best know for it's rich, violet-purple hue. A pearl is made when an irritant, such as a grain of sand, finds its way into the soft tissue of the oyster. Precious stones such as topaz, emerald, pearls and sapphires are listed in the Bible and have meanings of their own. Isaiah 39:2 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And Hezekiah was glad of them, and shewed them the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment, and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah shewed them not. STONE, n. Gr. The garnet, however, has been found as early as the Bronze Age, in Egyptian jewelry, dating back to 3100 BC. Historians have likened it to “a thousand leagues of sunlit sea imprisoned in a cup.” It’s very name is descriptive of it’s color: aqua meaning water and marine meaning sea. Discrepancies are common with gemstones because the meanings of some of the original words have been lost over time. Regardless, all these precious and non-precious stones possess unique beauty and significant meaning. Mount these stones in gold filigree settings.  In Sometimes you will see the word ‘sapphire’ used in English versions of the text, but this is a mistranslation. 6 Children's children are the crown of old men; and the glory of children are their fathers. The exact original meaning of the word is uncertain. It held twelve precious stones set in gold filigree: sardius (ruby), ... an onyx and a jasper. Many supernatural powers have been attributed to precious stones throughout the ages. Ex 28:17, 39:10; Prov 8:11, 31:10, Job 28:18, Ezek 28:13, Rubies are the red gem variety of the mineral corundum. The Brown-Driver-Briggs dictionary defines hashmal as "a shining substance, amber or electrum or bronze." That describes lapis lazuli quite precisely. 28:9-12). List Of Precious and Semi Precious Stones Here you will find a list of gemstones that we sell on Gem Rock Auctions. Bronze. a gem-quality ruby will far exceed the price of a “ gem great. 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