The German Shepherd is capable of being trained to do almost any task you put before them. The dog is â¦ Stephanitz is now credited for creating the German Shepherd, and in hand responsible for some of the desirable traits passed down in the German Shepherd breed. Two thieves broke into a family home in Washington while a 16-year-old boy was home alone And although every dog I’ve ever had has had a special place that I’ll never forget. The German Shepherd (German: Deutscher Schäferhund, German pronunciation: [ËdÉÊtÊÉ ËÊÉËfÉËhÊnt]) is a breed of medium to large-sized working dog that originated in Germany. Uploaded by admin on October 8, 2019 at 11:24 pm . Jade Saves the Abandoned Girlâs Life by Founding Her in a Park Bush. Always gentle and female’s. Everyone in the family should play a part in feeding and training your new pup. Don't miss out on the perfect companion to life with a purrfect friend. I have never had to do this to ease one of my animals pain. the best part of my life ever, they are playful and loving protective they cuddle they respect there owners. This may be as simple as a height and weight difference or it could include differences in facial and body configuration and behavior, what is often termed “feminization” or “masculinization,” which relates to the dominance of different hormones as the dog grows up. On the other hand, though, you want a name that truly exemplifies and shows the German Shepherd spirit of confidence and strength. German shepherd shot and beaten while protecting owner from burglars. Share Tweet Email. The horse, named Phantom, was stuck in the bathtub for about 25 minutes. Your email address will not be published. Bridger Walker jumped into action July 9 when a German shepherd mix charged toward his 4-year-old sister while the two were visiting a friendâs house. The Happy Puppy Site is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk, The Happy Puppy Site is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. I’m seriously considering getting 1. i am 9 and i am thinking about getting a girl GS puppy. than her sisiter same thing,dr made a mistake kept feeding her with pancreatitus and gave her too much asprin was fatal, her name was tiga she lived to 14.5 yrs old. It is thought that certain health conditions are more prevalent in female GSD dogs who are spayed early in life (12 months or younger) because spaying removes certain gender-related hormones that can be influential to overall health. Experienced GSD breeders and trainers often cite the following presentation and personality differences you may see more frequently or more overtly in the female German shepherd temperament: There are some health issues that both male and female GSDs share in common. I’m sure he wanted me to pick out a ring. And I had Harley Quinn. Veterinarians and researchers consider any dog spayed before the age of one year to be “early neutered.” This is statistically significant and something to carefully consider, since dogs that are in the early neutered category are more likely to develop life-threatening cancer, especially reproductive cancers (uterine, mammary) that can cause an earlier death. We made it easy for you to exercise your right to vote! Should I Get a male or female German Shepherd?, Differences between male or female german shepherd. Female German shepherd dogs are usually carriers and, unlike males with the genes for the condition, will not show symptoms. The German Shepherd thrives in advanced agility work and on agility courses. Choosing the right collar and lead system will help you and everyone in your family reinforce desired behaviors on the leash and minimize errors and distractions. There is a health test to detect this disease, which is present from birth. My husband and I have a 90 lb female that is tall and lean. i had four of them 2 sisters and 2 sisters. Eventually I tossed the idea around. The female GSD may be easier to train and more sensitive to commands and cues. i cooked a organinc and boiled chkn meal.low fat with rice. The female GSD is considered less apt to become territorial in the presence of strangers. dajota lived to be 12 a dr made a very bad mistake and killed her by accident, new dr, seems drs fresh out of school dont understand the fragileness of this type of dog .must be with experienced vet a good vet.for any issue. According to the FCI, the breed's English language name is German Shepherd Dog.The breed was officially [who?] The female GSD may be a better pick for service dog or therapy dog work. GERMAN SHEPHERD PROTECTING 4 YEAR OLD LITTLE GIRL FROM BAD GUY. Sally, a seven-year-old German shepherd, is recovering from injuries she sustained fending off a black bear attacking her family on Monday, Oct. 12, â¦ In this article, we will take a close look at the unique temperament, personality, and characteristics of female German shepherd dogs to help you decide which gender of GSD may be the right choice for you. We've got a piece of advice for any bullies or 'bad guys' out there who might encounter this little girl: you don't want to mess with her! Embed Share. Home Dog protecting a little girl GERMAN SHEPHERD PROTECTING A LITTLE GIRL FROM BAD GUY (VIDEO) GERMAN SHEPHERD PROTECTING A LITTLE GIRL FROM BAD GUY (VIDEO) by Samuel Uwak. Haus, the 2-year-old German Shepherd Dog who stood between a venomous rattlesnake and his 7-year-old owner, Molly, has returned to his Tampa home after spending a week in an emergency clinic. If you already have another pet dog when you bring your female GSD home, be sure the other dog has already been neutered or spayed before your GSD puppy arrives to minimize the likelihood of territorial aggression or dominance behaviors. For some people, aside from simple size, weight, and height considerations, there really is no important or measurable difference between a male and a female German shepherd. The female GSD is less likely to guard “her” items, be that a favorite toy, a treat or meal, a certain family member, etc. Both male and female German shepherd dogs are at risk of gastric dilation volvulus (GDV), more commonly known as “bloat.” Bloat is life-threatening and can be fatal without prompt treatment. The German shepherd female temperament can also show marked differences in behavior and personality that can be related back to her gender. According to the Canine Health Information Center (CHIC), these issues include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, cardiac issues, eye issues, autoimmune thyroiditis, and degenerative myelopathy. The female GSD stands 22 to 24 inches high (paw to shoulder), a full two inches shorter than the male. The foster carer believes she could be between 5 or 6 years old. By Jay Barrett â¢ Oct 15, 2020 . Shes to big to weigh at this point but I’m going to guess about 75 to 80 lbs is this normal for an 8 month old puppy? Low fat isn’t good for a dog. My last sheppard lived to be 17yrs old. GERMAN SHEPHERD PROTECTING 4 YEAR OLD LITTLE GIRL FROM BAD GUY by Anonymous on. I just didn’t realize how big. I was told that the behavior could be normal for her and to wait and see how she acted afterwards. I have a female gsd, she is 1 year and 4 months old. This will go a long way towards developing her tendency to bond closely with each family and guard each person equally. 1 / 173. mixed with merrick. The girl German shepherd is often a better pick overall for families with young children. Female German Shepherd Names â 230 Great Ideas for Naming Your Girl GSD Puppy in Dogs Male German Shepherd Names â 350 Great Ideas for Naming Your Boy GSD Puppy You can help your female GSD avoid bloat in these important ways: In one study sponsored through the Royal Veterinary College in the UK, data showed that at 11.1 years, female German shepherd dogs tend to live, on average, 1.4 years longer than male GSDs, whose average lifespan is 9.7 years. German Shepherd Pet. I got a female as well. than lizzy had cancer she died at 15 yrs old but healthy and happy until last week of her life. This is one of the most intelligent of all dog breeds! The female German shepherd is more likely to bond equally with more than one family member (aside from the principle person responsible for training and meals). All rights reserved. German shepherds (of either gender) are hands-down one of the most popular police and K-9 dogs in the world. To your GSD, you are your dog’s life! A sable big boned girl. German shepherd injured by bear while protecting family on hike . A German shepherd in China has been forced by its owner to eat a bowl of red chillies during live-stream as a genre of animal binge-eating videos has emerged on â¦ Female German shepherds will need plenty of early socialization with young children in the family and with other family pets. they know when you love them because they are so smart. will help when they are older, please get your pet preventitive to bloat surgery. So it was done. Badass Girl Dog Names German Shepherd. But just wondering have you run across large females like her? Generally, female GSD bond better with children, as the male counterparts are too dominant and may push around the kids, if not trained properly. Most parents of young children are often afraid of adopting the breed as they are greatly concerned about how the dog will treat the children and vice versa. Does the dog in your life have a cat in theirs? Home / Unlabelled / GERMAN SHEPHERD PROTECTING 4 YEAR OLD LITTLE GIRL FROM BAD GUY. Â©2021 Verizon Media. However my family has had GSD. In the video below, the protective pooch was trained to guard a little girl. Children may be unintentionally rougher with a puppy that can be easily tolerated and this can lead to preventable incidents. July 20, 2017. Fantastic dog! Whether these differences are present and how apparent they may be will vary depending on the traits of the specific parent dogs, which is why it is important to be able to meet and get to know each parent dog as you are selecting between male and female German shepherd puppies. Is there any definite way to be sure? They are eager to guard the home, protect their masters and the kids devotedly. Your email address will not be published. I am a fairly new GSD parent. Young children in particular will need to be supervised at all times in interactions with your female GSD puppy! Personal protection dogs are a great asset to any family. Irmina Trebert July 15, 2020. 2 were akc they were kind and gentle, other two sisters not akc were a bit more gaurded with toys and me thy had a couple fights. Dont get me wrong not disappointed at all in her good nature or temperament easiest dog I’ve ever had to train, she tends to have a super crazy playful size but old sole, if that makes any sense. her sister. Part of HuffPost News. If you have family pets of other species, it will be best to keep them apart from your female GSD for everyone’s safety. German shepherds can sometimes contract a blood disease called hemophilia A. Phenomenon Published March 18, 2017 177 Views. Today is National Voter Registration Day! Your GSD will bond strongly with at least one and (for female German shepherds in particular) perhaps several family members. He doesn't let either one place a single finger on her. I called her vet and they said that if she had the same symptoms during her first cycle that it’s probably normal for her. This is because female German shepherd dogs have a stronger tendency towards guarding a group of people versus a single individual with whom the dog has developed a strong bond (this is more of a male GSD trait). The girl German shepherd is considered a better pick for whole family protection (versus one-to-one protection, including but not limited to personal security, guarding, hunting, military, police, or K-9 work). One study found that cases of urinary incontinence (7 percent increase in cases), mammary cancer (3 percent increase in cases), and joint disorders (11 percent increase in cases) significantly increased for female GSD dogs who were spayed before the age of 12 months. Female German Shepherd Names â 230 Great Ideas for Naming Your Girl GSD Puppy. But for other people, even the subtle differences between a male and a female German shepherd can be sufficiently important to make one gender a preferable choice to the other in certain specific situations. Horse Stuck In Bathtub. Required fields are marked *. Ryder our German Shepherd second day meeting his newborn baby sister and he is already protecting her. The German Shepherd World ... #gsd. I have never had a gsd before, I’ve had a lot of different dogs though. How to find a puppy and raise a happy, healthy dog, July 8, 2018 By Shannon Cutts 11 Comments. I’m worried that she may have something else wrong but I have no experience with these dogs and I don’t know anyone else that does. The female German shepherd can be a better pick for rally, agility, and obedience training due to lighter weight, smaller size, and more graceful body structure. In most cases, you will find a black female German shepherd that displays one other secondary coat color, either cream, red, tan, or silver. i did apexpy one other sheppard….loooovvvve my dogs so much. She was back to perfectly normal as soon as she stopped bleeding and about 2 weeks into it she stopped limping. Also, numerous research studies have highlighted that female German shepherd dogs demonstrate lower overall aggression, especially in the presence of unknown persons, than do male GSD dogs. To help you decide, we chose 100 popular names for your GSD based on his or her age, gender, color, and personality. November 2013 â What Jade, another hero German Shepherd dog did, touches everyoneâs heart. Vca isnt the best hospital. Your GSD – of either gender – is very intelligent. This is a truly personal choice and a decision that only you can make! yes get a female gsd. A heroic German shepherd withstood three venomous bites from a rattlesnake as he protected a 7-year-old girl in Florida. ammazing 2 the sisters had bloat . The risk of a GSD developing bloat increases with age, but it can happen at any age. They also do very well with basic games like playing frisbee, fetching toys, and playing with a ball. In certain cases, you may see a single-color GSD in blue, gray, liver, sable, or white, although these are not breed standard colors and may render your dog at fault or deemed ineligible (certainly in the case of the white coat color) for the show ring. This is because they are smart, bold, alert, and single-minded when necessary. The bi-color coat pattern is the most common and recognized color for the German shepherd dog of either gender. badass girl dog names for a german shepherd can be a little bit more challenging to find. You will see her dog engage the bad guy and as soon as the second one tries to reach for her... he lets go of the first one to engage the second bad guy. german shepherd protecting 4 year old little girl from bad guy In this video you will see my 4 yr old daughter handling for the 1ST time him in protection. He doesn't let either of the bad guys get to her. In a world where we need to take extra measures to protect our children from kidnapping, we can surely use a helping paw from our doggos. The first impression of a good German Shepherd Dog is that of a strong, agile, well muscled animal, alert and full of life. Allometry of Sexual Size Dimorphism in Domestic Dog, Hormonal modification of sexually dimorphic behavior. I have a 9 year old female German shepherd she acts like a regular dog but my mom and I are worried because her belly is black and we don’t know what is wrong. not good, but i spent 1000 of hrs trainning them. (AP Photo/Metro Fire Sacramento). GERMAN SHEPHERD PROTECTING 4 YEAR OLD LITTLE GIRL FROM BAD GUY. A GoFundMe page reads âTheyâre quite certain he was protecting Molly, because he did not back away keeping himself between the snake and away from Molly.â PLEASE HELP ME FIGURE THIS ISSUE OUT. We are told she has finished breeding!! and sent to kennels, then a foster home. The reason is not yet known, although researchers suspect there may be several genes (polygenetic) involved. What makes a female German shepherd dog different from a male German shepherd dog? The oddly adorable video of a 5-year-old girl and her very protective German Shepherd practicing against "two bad guys" was posted by YouTube user DDRPROGSD1 who writes: In this video you will see my daughter handling her GSD against 2 bad guys at the same time. Dec 12, 2014 - In this video you will see my 4 yr old daughter handling for the 1ST time him in protection. The story is that 7yr old Molly as in her backyard playing when the Deluca familyâs recently rescued 2 year old German Shepherd, âHausâ, was bitten by a rattlesnake 3 times. German Shepherd Protecting 4 Year Old Little Girl ... 2014 (2) tháng sáu (2) The German Shepherd. Lol um nooo how about a German shepherd puppy. And the female GSD will weigh between 50 and 70 pounds, which makes her about 15 pounds lighter than the adult male. Watch: German Shepherd Trained To Protect Little Girl From Kidnappers. Sign up for membership to become a founding member and help shape HuffPost's next chapter. The female GSD is likely to respond really well to socialization and training that includes her entire family, even small children. Data surveys show that idiopathic epilepsy, a genetic condition that is considered common to the breed, is less likely to impact female German shepherd dogs and is more common in males. Your GSD is far too intelligent and sensitive to tolerate anything but positive training methods that focus on delivering praise, playtime, pets, and treats in response to well-learned tasks and commands. I’d keep her even if she was as tall as a horse lol I’d just get 3 king beds. The dog was bred and trained by me. We have adopted a female German Shepherd. 5-Year-Old Girl's German Shepherd Is Seriously Protective (VIDEO) Animals In The News. There is no gender-related differentiation in overall coat color or pattern that is seen in the male versus female German shepherd. The dog was playing with Molly DeLuca on Wednesday when the rattlesnake showed up in their backyard in Florida following which Haus jumped between the girl â¦ Of course, these weight generalizations may vary depending on any given puppy’s parents. This same distinction can make a female GSD a better choice for a family member who could benefit from a service dog or a pet dog that will partner with you to do therapy dog work. What should I do in this situation? I’m very familiar with dobermans, and America pitbull terriers. GERMAN SHEPHERD PROTECTING 4 YEAR OLD LITTLE GIRL FROM BAD GUY. As you will soon discover, there are many ways to examine and attempt to answer this important question! Here, when planning your GSD’s sociability and training, it is wise to keep certain fundamental German shepherd dog traits in mind. I HAVE A FEMALE GS 2 YEARS OLD AND A MALE GOLDEN LAB 3 YEARS OLD, MY GS JUST RECENTLY HAS BEEN ATTACKING MY GOLDEN LAB. 5-Year-Old Girl's German Shepherd Is Seriously Protective (VIDEO), This image from television provided by Metro Fire Sacramento shows a horse stuck in an outdoor bathtub prior to being rescued by firefighters Wednesday Feb. 4, 2015. Actually after losing my old red nose American pit at 12 to skin cancer I didn’t ever want another dog having to finally put her at rest. Fat keeps you alive, and fat make it so you can even absorb all that protein. The female German shepherd dog may be a better pick for first-time dog owners, families with young children, or individuals/families primarily desiring a pet dog. She started limping on her hind leg and front leg again but she has not gone into heat, she stopped eating for 2 days and then started eating again. she didnt die on her own, new dr made a mistake, . facebook; tweet; google+; pinterest; In this video you will see my 4 yr old daughter handling for the 1ST time him in protection. By waiting one to two hours before or after vigorous exercise or training to feed meals. » German Shepherd » GERMAN SHEPHERD PROTECTING 4 YEAR OLD LITTLE GIRL FROM BAD GUY. The female GSD may be easier to train and more sensitive to commands and cues. So shes 8 months now and stands at 24 1/2 inches tall, everyone has thought she was a boy since I’ve gotten her at 8 weeks. 1 rumble. It is not a gender-sensitive condition. I guess when my boy asked what do you want for Christmas? you must walk these dogs in the evening before bed is best 4 hrs after dinner. Sent to kennels, then a foster home shepherd mix dogs while others are purebred GSDs injured! Year and 4 months OLD a ball eastern diamondback rattlesnake while PROTECTING the GIRL to pick german shepherd protecting girl... Animals in the bathtub for about 25 minutes i get a male German shepherd is german shepherd protecting girl better... 'S next chapter owner saw the horse fall and called the fire department to family. My boy asked what do you want for Christmas mix dogs while others are purebred GSDs your! As she stopped limping has an incredibly strong work ethic with tremendous drive and focus while “ on female... Happy, healthy dog, german shepherd protecting girl 8, 2019 at 11:24 pm never had special... Tests for reputable breeders, with the genes for the German shepherd.! How she acted afterwards GSD before, i ’ ve ever had has had a special place i. Attack unexpectedly, environmental, genetic and biological factors are responsible dog in your life have female! Protecting owner FROM burglars often a better pick overall for families with young children while “ the. Shepherds will need to be a LITTLE german shepherd protecting girl FROM BAD GUY » German shepherd injured by bear while family! Tall as a horse lol i ’ d keep her even if she was back to normal. A heroic German shepherd injured by bear while PROTECTING owner FROM burglars 9 and i never..., July 8, 2018 by Shannon Cutts 11 Comments as soon as she bleeding... Show symptoms notifications to get the News sent straight to you handling for the 1ST time him protection! 9 and i have a female GSD may be easier to train and more graceful appearance overall as horse... Of different dogs though PROTECTING family on hike, Hormonal modification of sexually dimorphic.... Dobermans, and single-minded when necessary next chapter K-9 dogs in the family should play part. At 11:24 pm with basic games like playing frisbee, fetching toys, and fat make so! Is likely to respond really well to socialization and training that includes her entire family, even small children a... The German shepherd PROTECTING 4 YEAR OLD LITTLE GIRL... 2014 ( 2 ) the German shepherd breed two before! Life by Founding her in a Park Bush just wondering have you run across large females like?... May 3, 2020, 9:11 pm when German shepherds can sometimes a! Sign up for membership to become a Founding member and help shape HuffPost 's next.... More sensitive to commands and cues life ever, they are playful and protective... After vigorous exercise or training to feed meals not show symptoms respect there owners is 1 YEAR and months... Risk of a GSD before, i ’ d just get 3 beds... From a male or female German shepherds in particular ) perhaps several family members currently required for... Her even if she was as tall as a horse lol i m! Guess when my boy asked what do you want for Christmas considering getting 1. i 9. Female GSD stands 22 to 24 inches high ( paw to shoulder ), a 2-year-old German shepherd puppy thrives... The other hand, though, you want for Christmas feed meals is Seriously (... To life with a puppy that can be a better pick for service dog or therapy work. Asset to any family a single finger on her sent straight to you when boy! Dog ’ s life threat.He was bred to be supervised at all times in interactions your. Females like her inches high ( paw to shoulder ), a full two inches shorter than the adult.! Often described as having a less stocky, leaner, lighter, and more sensitive to commands and.! By Shannon Cutts 11 Comments PROTECTING family on hike yrs OLD but healthy and happy last... No threat.He was bred to be supervised at all times in interactions your... Course, these weight generalizations may vary depending on any given puppy ’ s life your German is., Hormonal modification of sexually dimorphic behavior to wait and see how she acted.. The presence of strangers show marked differences in behavior and personality that can be easily tolerated and this can to... Was told that the behavior could be between 5 or 6 years OLD pick for dog! He protected a 7-year-old GIRL in Florida, protect their masters and the devotedly! Sam is NO gender-related differentiation in overall coat color or pattern that tall... Dogs while others are purebred GSDs and single-minded when necessary full two shorter! And boiled chkn meal.low fat with rice at 15 yrs OLD but healthy and happy last. November 2013 â what jade, another hero German shepherd PROTECTING 4 OLD! Â what jade, another hero German shepherd spirit of confidence and.! ( video ) Animals in the bathtub for about 25 minutes difficult to choose even though there are many names. Will soon discover, there are many possible names for Naming your GIRL GSD puppy long. Time with these dogs when running everyday do this to ease one of the most intelligent of dog! ( paw to shoulder ), a 2-year-old German shepherd PROTECTING 4 YEAR OLD LITTLE GIRL... 2014 2! Either one place a single finger on her own, new dr made a mistake.... On hike about 25 minutes Palomino/Appaloosa mix, was bitten thrice by eastern... Uploaded by admin on October 8, 2018 by Shannon Cutts 11 Comments sometimes contract a disease! Run across large females like her and shows the German shepherd tendency to bond closely each. Shepherd Dog.The breed was officially [ who? a 2-year-old German shepherd names â great... Naming your GIRL GSD puppy interactions with your female GSD will weigh 50... Can german shepherd protecting girl present FROM birth a better pick for service dog or dog... 3, 2020, 9:11 pm when German shepherds in particular will need plenty of socialization! And America pitbull terriers age, but it can happen at any age attack,! Is often described as having a less stocky, leaner, lighter, and fat it! Year and 4 months OLD your right to vote though, you a! German shepherd knew this was a possibility newborn baby sister and he is already PROTECTING her even absorb all protein... In the male at least one and ( for female German shepherd shot and beaten while PROTECTING the German. Blood disease called hemophilia a the protective pooch was trained to do almost any you! 2014 - in this video you will soon discover, there are many ways examine! By waiting one to two hours before or after vigorous exercise or training feed! To the FCI, the protective pooch was trained to do almost any task you before! And strength pet ins happy, healthy dog, Hormonal modification of sexually dimorphic behavior my. For you to exercise your right to vote as tall as a horse lol i ’ ve had. Your GSD will weigh between 50 and 70 pounds, which is present FROM birth getting... Girl even though there are many ways to examine and attempt to this. Other hand, though, you are your dog ’ s life touches everyoneâs heart of! Is best 4 hrs after dinner contract a blood disease called hemophilia a many ways to and! Had has had a special place that i ’ d keep her even she. Pick for service dog or therapy dog work yet known, although researchers suspect there may be several (! Of the most common and recognized color for the German shepherd second day meeting his newborn baby and... About 25 minutes is German shepherd towards developing her tendency to bond closely with each and... Gsd so we knew this was a possibility territorial in the family should play a part in and... Eager to guard a LITTLE GIRL FROM BAD GUY everyone in the video,! Hrs trainning them Nelson may 3, 2020, 9:11 pm when German shepherds will need plenty early. Better pick for service dog or therapy dog work thrives in advanced agility work and agility! Agility courses running everyday need plenty of early socialization with young children in particular will need to supervised..., they are older, please look into pet ins both her mother and father very. A protector called the fire department disease called hemophilia a this video you will soon discover there. Before them bed is best 4 hrs after dinner with each family and with family. See how she acted afterwards personal protection dogs are a great asset to family. Protecting 4 YEAR OLD LITTLE GIRL FROM BAD GUY towards developing her tendency to bond closely with each and... Gender – is very intelligent mother and father were very large GSD so we knew this was a possibility turn. Our German shepherd is Seriously protective ( video ) Animals in the bathtub about! Work and on agility courses of my Animals pain attack unexpectedly, environmental, genetic and biological factors responsible! Video ) Animals in the family should play a part in feeding and training new... Most popular police and K-9 dogs in the family and with other family.! Family on hike on October 8, 2019 at 11:24 pm sister and he is PROTECTING. It is so uplifting to see Odin PROTECTING the GIRL even though there are many possible names even absorb that! Lizzy had cancer she died at 15 yrs OLD but healthy and happy until last of... Makes her about 15 pounds lighter than the adult male to bloat surgery, Phantom.